Headquarter Locations of Top 500 Enterprises of Chinese Manufacturing Industries

  • 1. The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies; East China Normal University; Shanghai 200062; China; 
    2. College of Civil Engineering and Architecture; Zhejiang University of Technology; Hangzhou 310032; China

Received date: 2009-02-14

  Revised date: 2009-09-30

  Online published: 2010-02-25

Supported by

National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40671060; The MOE Project of Key Research institute of Humanities and Social Sciences in University, No.2006JDXM086


Through analysis of top 500 enterprises data of Chinese manufacturing industries, the paper reveals headquarter location characteristics of Chinese large and medium-sized enterprises, and explains the location factors of corporate headquarters in China. The study finds that top 500 enterprises of Chinese manufacturing industries are concentrated in the three major coastal economic regions, including the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region, Shandong and Liaoning provinces, as well as the areas along the Yangtze and Yellow rivers. Corporate headquarters of mega-cities are mainly located in the central districts, and economic and technological development zones, industrial parks or technological parks are main space of headquarter clusters in the medium-sized cities. In addition, small and medium-sized cities also accommodate a number of corporate headquarters. At the same time, the phenomenon of corporate headquarters relocation has already emerged in China, with Beijing and Shanghai as the main destinations. The location factors of corporate headquarters include urban scale, market capacity, domestic and foreign investment, financial capacity, science and technology conditions, urban infrastructures and urban location. Furthermore, urban economy scale is more explanatory to headquarters location. Chinese coastal developed regions have many advantages in these conditions, so Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen are attracting more and more corporate headquarters to further concentration.

Cite this article

WU Qianbo1; 2; NING Yuemin1 . Headquarter Locations of Top 500 Enterprises of Chinese Manufacturing Industries[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2010 , 65(2) : 139 -152 . DOI: 10.11821/xb201002002


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