Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2023, Vol. 78 ›› Issue (4): 777-791.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202304001

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Spatio-temporal differentiation and influencing factors of China's urbanization from 2010 to 2020

LI Ruzi1,2(), HUANG Xiaoling3, LIU Yaobin1,2()   

  1. 1. Research Center of Central China Economic and Social Development, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China
    2. School of Economics and Management, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China
    3. School of Economics and Management, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan), Wuhan 430074, China
  • Received:2021-10-25 Revised:2022-12-11 Online:2023-04-25 Published:2023-04-14
  • Contact: LIU Yaobin E-mail:lirz390@163.com;liuyaobin2003@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42101168);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42271209)

Abstract:

As China's urbanization has entered the middle and later stage and the improvement of well-being of residents has become a core goal, the transformation from "top-down" system goals optimization on the supply side to "bottom-up" multi-dimensional goals coordination on the demand side has become a new perspective to understand the connotation of urbanization. Based on the perspective of the human living conditions, the humanities environment, and human-city relationship, this paper constructs a connotation framework and index system of urbanization. Furthermore, Theil index is employed to analyze the spatio-temporal differentiation characteristics of China's urbanization before and after the implementation of the new-type urbanization strategy. Finally, in terms of both direct and indirect effect mechanisms, the mechanism framework of urbanization differentiation is constructed, and its evolution pattern is revealed by using Variance Decomposition and Geodetector. The results show that: since the implementation of the new-type urbanization strategy in 2014, China's urbanization has made remarkable achievements, with a steady improvement in human living conditions and human-city relationship, and there is still much room for improvement in the humanities environment. The high-level areas of urbanization are mainly distributed in coastal areas, and expanding to inland areas along the Yangtze River Basin and Yellow River Basin. The regional differences of urbanization gradually decrease, but the contribution rate of inner-regional differences shows an expanding trend. Differences in human living conditions and human-city relationship are the main factors of urbanization differentiation, but the contribution of differences in humanities environment is gradually expanding after 2014. Opening up and scientific & technological innovation are the main influencing factors of the difference in human living conditions. With the implementation of the new-type urbanization strategy, the impact on differences in humanities environment of the government finance gradually diminishes. Resource endowments have a relatively strong influence on differences in human-city relationship. This study can provide theoretical and empirical support for promoting the development of urbanization in China.

Key words: urbanization, new-type urbanization, demand-side multidimensional goals, bottom-up, Geodetector