Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2020, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (12): 2593-2609.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202012004

• Discipline Development of IGSNRR, CAS: An 80th Anniversary Retrospective • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Geographic information science development and technological application

ZHOU Chenghu1,2(), SUN Jiulin1,2, SU Fenzhen1,2, YANG Xiaomei1,2, PEI Tao1,2, GE Yong1,2, YANG Yaping1,2, ZHANG An1,2, LIAO Xiaohan1,2, LU Feng1,2, GAO Xing1,2, FU Dongjie1,2   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2020-09-08 Revised:2020-12-01 Online:2020-12-25 Published:2021-02-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41421001)


This study reviews the historical process of the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in the field of geographic information science. From the early survey and cartography research, to the creation of China's geographic information discipline and the establishment of the State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information Systems, the development of the institute represents the history of (i) the development of original geographic information theory with Chinese characteristics, (ii) independent research and development of world-class geographic information software, and (iii) geographic information providing solid scientific and technological support for major national strategies. Generally, the development of geographic information discipline was summarized from the aspects of cartography, geoscience remote sensing, geographic information science, geodata sharing, major technological breakthroughs and national strategic support. Finally, from the perspectives of geoscience knowledge graphs, geographic big data analysis, remote sensing artificial intelligence, geographic system simulation and knowledge services, we look forward to the development of new scientific paradigms in geographic science.

Key words: geographic information science, cartography, geoscience remote sensing, data sharing, geographic intelligence