Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2011, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (12): 1707-1717.doi: 10.11821/xb201112011

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The Micro-scale Analysis of Rural Settlement Land Use Pattern: A Case Study of Gouge Village of Yesanpo Scenic Area in Hebei Province

XI Jianchao1, ZHAO Meifeng1,2, GE Guansheng1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2011-05-17 Revised:2011-08-17 Online:2011-12-20 Published:2011-12-20
  • Supported by:

    National Nature Science Foundation of China, No.40971299

Abstract: Gouge Village is located in Yesanpo scenic area in Hebei Province, and only 100 km away from Beijing city. It has become a typical tourism-based village with the development of Yesanpo scenic area. In this study, the land use pattern change of Gouge Village was analyzed by using the participatory rural appraisal methods (PRA), combined with GIS technology and remote sensing image. The results are shown as follows. (1) There were three stages on the land use pattern evaluation during the past 25 years including slow initial phase, rapid expansion phase, and smooth development phase. The stages presented a dual expansion process from the core to the periphery, as well as from the plane to space. During this process, the intensive degree of land use increased greatly. (2) The evolution of land use pattern of tourism-oriented village caused the deconstruction of traditional village function. The function was changed from villagers' living to the tourists' needs, including the accommodation, shopping, catering and entertainment. (3) Main factors, including the village's natural geographical environment, the tourism market demand, the government's progressive regulation, the household rational choices, have contributed to this changes in different stages. In addition, the results showed that the current land use patterns are not sustainable. We suggest that the rural land use pattern should be a major concern associated to the needs of tourists. In addition, we should strengthen rural land use planning and institutional system to promote the transformation and upgrading of Gouge Village.

Key words: tourism attraction, rural settlements, land use, micro-scale, Gouge Village, Hebei