Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2014, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (6): 838-849.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201406010

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The locational choice and driving forces mechanism of TDI in the Chinese Mainland for recent 20 years

CHEN Jia, WEI Suqiong, CHEN Songlin   

  1. College of Geographical Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
  • Received:2013-07-18 Revised:2014-04-03 Online:2014-06-20 Published:2014-06-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41371145; Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province, No.2012J01162; Public-Funded Key Projects of Department of Science and Technology of Fujian, No.2013R01

Abstract: Using the data of TDI (Taiwan's direct investment) in the Chinese Mainland for recent 20 years, this article analyzes the changes in behavior, as well as the drive mechanism of TDI in the Chinese Mainland on two spatial scales. ESDA analysis model was adopted for analyzing the spatial pattern evolvement of TDI in the Chinese Mainland. The results show that since 1991, the scale of TDI, especially the amount scale, has risen significantly. The accumulative amount of TDI presents a T-shaped spatial pattern. The spatial distribution of TDI presents a spatial autocorrelation and a clear core-periphery-edge model. The hotspots spread towards north during the past 21 years, and are eventually concentrated in the Yangtze River Delta region. This article establishes a driving mechanism system by using grey relational analysis to examine the changes in evolution pattern as well as the driving mechanism of TDI. The major driving forces are communication development, regional market size, labor costs, electricity supply, policy environment, regional opening-up degree, and transportation infrastructure in the initial stage (1991-2000). The importance of TDI driving forces changed in the later stage (2001-2011), the main driving forces arranged in the order of importance are accumulation of prophase TDI, regional opening-up degree, regional market size, highly qualified labor force, labor costs, regional policy environment, electricity supply, and industrial agglomeration. Main driving forces differ in different economic zones, so the effects of cultural distances should not be neglected.

Key words: TDI, locational choice, driving mechanism, spatial pattern evolvement, Chinese Mainland