Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2012, Vol. 67 ›› Issue (2): 189-200.doi: 10.11821/xb201202005

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Housing Conditions, Patterns and Mechanisms of Second Generation Migrants in Urban China: A Case Study of Six Large Cities

LI Zhigang   

  1. School of Geography and Planning, and Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2011-01-10 Revised:2011-05-06 Online:2012-02-20 Published:2012-02-20
  • Supported by:
    ThisArticle is Part of the Chinese Ministry of Education's Key Project for Philosophy and Social Science Research,No.07JZD0025, No.11JZD0028; National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40971095, No.41130747;Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities; ESRC/DFID, No.RES-167-25-0448

Abstract: With a database based on 3168 copies of questionnaires collected from six Chinese cities of Guangzhou, Dongguan, Shenyang, Chengdu, Hangzhou and Zhengzhou, this study examines housing conditions, patterns and determinants of second-generation migrants of urban China. With a series of quantitative analysis, it is found that three types of Chinese new migrants, labor migrants, intellectual migrants, and investor migrants have different housing conditions. For instance, the average housing area of new migrants is about 20.69 sq. m., while that of the intellectual migrants is the biggest (24.87 sq. m.) and that of the labor migrants is the smallest (16.26 sq. m.). In terms of the quality of housing facilities, the score of the facility index for the new migrants in general is by no means high, about 0.35. Moreover, investor migrants hold the best facilities, while labor migrants hold the worst, and intellectual migrants is in between. It is indicated that housing conditions of new migrants are largely differentiated. Second, after three decades of market reform, housing conditions and patterns of new migrants are still mainly determined by institutional factors such as hukou. In addition, housing facility qualities are mainly influenced by such factors as hukou status, income, educational background, marriage, age and migrant types, and hukou is the major determinant for the housing facility quality of second generation migrants.

Key words: second generation migrants, housing, six large cities, China