Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2009, Vol. 64 ›› Issue (2): 131-141.doi: 10.11821/xb200902001

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Coupling Industrial Location with Urban System Distribution:A Case Study of China's Luoyang Municipality

FAN Jie1, WANG Hong-yuan1, TAO An-jun1, XU Jian-hong2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Bureau of Planning, Luoyang 471023, China
  • Received:2008-04-12 Revised:2008-09-02 Online:2009-02-25 Published:2009-02-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40571046


The coupling of industrial location and urban system distribution is beneficial both to industrial growth and urban development. This paper is a case study discussing the importance and process of coupling industrial location with urban system distribution. Our study indicates that location choices of industrial enterprises have been influencing the evolvement of Luoyang's urban system since 1953 and location orientations of large industrial firms would be the key determinants of urban distribution in the future. We therefore investigate location orientations of different divisions of large industrial firms, mainly by interviews with their executives and questionnaire survey. The result of investigation shows that the intending location choices of industrial firms are mostly short-term benefits oriented and would not couple with the anticipant pattern of urban distribution, which might sabotage the long-term development of both industrial firms and urban system. Therefore, we propose that suppliers of large industrial firms should be located in county towns about 30 km away from Luoyang City, which are the anticipant locations of urban development. In that case, industrial location would be coupled with the ideal pattern of urban distribution, which would maximize the service function of urban system and facilitate long-term urban and industrial development. Our study also shows that it is possible to change the location orientations of supplier of large industrial firms to county towns 30 km away from Luoyang City, if necessary measures were taken by local government, such as building expressways connecting Luoyang City and county towns, reducing the land price of county towns by government subsidies and reinforcing county towns' strengths on service ability and infrastructure conditions.

Key words: Luoyang, large industrial enterprises, industrial location, urban system, location, location orientation