Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2007, Vol. 62 ›› Issue (12): 1299-1308.doi: 10.11821/xb200712006

Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Changing Process and Mechanism of the Farming-grazing Transitional Land Use Pattern in Ordos

SONG Naiping1, ZHANG Fengrong2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory for Restoration and Reconstruction of Degraded Ecosystem in Northwestern China, Ministry of Education, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China;
    2. College of Resources and Environmental Science, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100094, China
  • Received:2007-03-15 Revised:2007-08-15 Online:2007-12-25 Published:2007-12-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40561001


The forming proces s has been resumed according to his torical materials and researched results . That was a proces s which was from nongovernmental to governmental reclamation, from Han people's tenancy to Meng and Han people's joint reclamation, and from the edge to the interior of Ordos . The changing mechanism of the farming-grazing trans itional land use pattern in Ordos was discus sed based on the factors of natural conditions , population pres sure , economic benefit and amalgamation of nationalities , etc. The period of warm-humid climate in the Qing Dynas ty provided ideal conditions for reclamation; the frangibility of the ecosys tem in this area interfered with the exces s reclamation. The farmland exploitation expanded toward borderland because of the unprecedented increase in Chinese population, and the wandering and dropping of the per unit area yield of cultivated land. The gradient force of population in Ordos and peripheries , the land degradation of the Loes s Plateau to the repuls ion for population promoted the reclamation in Ordos . Both nongovernment and government action s promoted the land reclamation in running after interes t; at the same time, the scrambling for interes t between the central and the local, Meng and Han, despots and paupers prevented the course of reclamation. The change in Meng and Han population s tructure and the common interes t relation built in the proces s of reclamation impelled the national amalgamation. The agreement and repuls ion in the national amalgamation proces s not only s trengthened the s tatus of agriculture, but consolidated the s tockbreeding as well. The farming-grazing trans itional land use pattern in Ordos was jus t formed and developed in the balancing proces s of these driving factors and obs tacles.

Key words: land use pattern, changing proces s, mechanism, farming-grazing trans itional zone, Ordos