Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2004, Vol. 59 ›› Issue (5): 763-771.doi: 10.11821/xb200405015

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Touristic Ecological Footprint Model and Analysis of Huangshan City in 2002

ZHANG Jinhe1,2, ZHANG Jie1   

  1. 1. Department of Urban and Resources Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    2. College of National Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China
  • Received:2004-02-23 Revised:2004-05-28 Online:2004-09-25 Published:2004-09-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.49571031; Natural Science Foundation of Anhui Province, No.03021011


Based on the theory and method of ecological footprint, combined with the ecological consumption and its structural character of tourist, the paper, taking the Huangshan City as an example, calculates and analyses the touristic ecological footprint and its efficiency of Huangshan City in 2002. Six characteristics have been summarized: (1) The touristic ecological footprint of Huangshan City is 0.106 hm2 per capita in 2002. In comparison, the fossil energy land is about 88.23% of this footprint, tourist transportation and food are the main constitutes of the total footprint, about 55.67% and 33.90%. (2) The ecological deficit of Huangshan City is 0.219 hm2 per capita in 2002. About 48.40% of the ecological deficit is a result of touristic ecological footprint. (3) Extrapolating the footprint of a tourist to Huangshan City (3.13 days) to 1 year, results in an area of 12.36 hm2 per capita in 2002, almost 9 times that of the average footprints of citizens of Huangshan City. (4) In Huangshan City, the average tourist output of 1 hm2 ecological footprint is US$684, 1.17 times the average output of the Huangshan City' citizens ecological footprint, 61.84% that of the world. (5) Dimensions of tourist flows, tourist consumption level and model, tourist spatial behavior, the policy and stratagem of the tourist destination are the key factors to affect the size of touristic ecological footprint. (6) The shift of TEF among regions will result in shift and diffusibility of tourist ecological responsibility, ecological influence and ecological stress among regions in the world, and tourism development may have profound impacts on global environments.

Key words: ecological footprint, touristic ecological footprint, tourism sustainable development, model, Huangshan City