Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2023, Vol. 78 ›› Issue (10): 2591-2608.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202310013

• Transportation and Tourism Geography • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Co-evolution of tourism economy and urban ecological resilience in Shandong province

WANG Songmao(), NIU Jinlan   

  1. College of Economic and Management, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an 271018, Shandong, China
  • Received:2022-07-25 Revised:2023-05-11 Online:2023-10-25 Published:2023-10-18
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42001156);Shandong Youth Science and Technology Innovation Team(2020RWE009)


Exploring the co-evolution characteristics of tourism economy and urban ecological resilience can provide theoretical support and quantitative basis for the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin. From the perspective of evolutionary resilience, this paper constructs an index system of urban ecological resilience based upon "resistance, response and innovation". The theoretical framework of the co-evolution of tourism economy and urban ecological resilience is analyzed with the synergetics. Taking Shandong province as an example, this paper uses the Haken model, kernel density estimation and spatialtemporal weighted regression to analyse the spatiotemporal distribution characteristics and influencing factors of co-evolution of tourism economy and urban ecological resilience. The results show that: (1) From the time dimension, the tourism economy shows a trend of continuous rise at first and then a temporary decline, and the urban ecological resilience shows a trend of stable growth. In terms of spatial distribution, the tourism economy and urban ecological resilience show a spatial pattern of "high-high and low-low concentrations" and "dual core leading", respectively. (2) Tourism economy is a sequence parameter of co-evolution, which dominates the development and evolution of the entire system in this stage, and mainly shows the effect of positive feedback. The co-evolution of tourism economy and urban ecological resilience presents an inverted "V" trend, and forms a spatial pattern of Jiaodong Economic Circle > Lunan Economic Circle > Jinan Economic Circle. (3) There are obvious regional differences in the influencing factors of the co-evolution, and the level of economic development, foreign investment, environmental regulation, financial development, and innovation capability have obvious positive effects. The industrial structure and human capital have barely negative effects. The government intervention shows significantly positive effect in the Jiaodong Economic Circle, but not significantly negative effect in the Lunan Economic Circle and the Jinan Economic Circle.

Key words: tourism economy, urban ecological resilience, co-evolution, Shandong province