Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2023, Vol. 78 ›› Issue (8): 2092-2102.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202308015

• Population and Urban Studies • Previous Articles    

Evolution of urban functional space in Beijing: Modes and aggregation laws

XU Shan1(), YUAN Xinmiao1, DENG Yu2()   

  1. 1. College of Land Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2022-06-06 Revised:2023-05-15 Online:2023-08-25 Published:2023-08-15
  • Contact: DENG Yu E-mail:xushan86@cau.edu.cn;dengy@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    Beijing Social Science Foundation(22GLC073)

Abstract:

Beijing has transitioned from the growth stage to the spatial renewal and improvement stage. Specifically, the evolution of urban functional space is an important symbol and spatial carrier in the process of development and transformation. This paper analyses structural modes and aggregation laws of spatial evolution based on long-term functional datasets, aiming to provide decision-making support and criteria for scientific reconstruction and refined governance of urban functional spaces. It is found in this study that: (1) the main centre of urban functional evolution of Beijing is located in the core area and migrates eastwards; the sub-centres and outer suburban centres are further formed, showing an evolutionary trend that polarisation goes before stabilisation; (2) the differentiation characteristics of the functional spatial pattern are significant; (3) the evolution of functional space presents a structural mode of polarisation of service function centres, sequential spillover of industrial function, and differentiation of residential function circles; (4) the aggregation laws of functional evolution include the separation of work and residence as a spatial response to the capital's service-oriented single-centre structure, the equalisation of public services as an important support for upgrading the quality of urban residential space, and the industrial agglomeration and transition as a key path for iteration.

Key words: Urban space, urban function, urban renewal, sustainable development, spatial organisation, Beijing