Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2023, Vol. 78 ›› Issue (8): 2019-2040.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202308011

• Population and Urban Studies • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Measurement and influencing factors of dual circulations at the city level in China

FENG Xiaohua1,2(), QIU Siyuan1,2   

  1. 1. School of Business, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, China
    2. Research Center of Open Economy, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, China
  • Received:2022-08-29 Revised:2023-04-03 Online:2023-08-25 Published:2023-08-15
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Fundation of China(20BJL140)


As a key node of inter-regional input and output, the participation of dual circulations of cities is of great significance to the construction of a new development paradigm. Based on the value-added decomposition framework of WWZ, using the latest Chinese inter-city input-output tables in 2012, 2015 and 2017, this paper constructs participation indicators of "dual circulations" at the city-industry level, and focuses on the analysis of the influencing factors of participation of domestic circulation at the city level. The study found that: (1) In 2012, 2015 and 2017, the overall domestic circulation participation in China was 71.62%, 72.42% and 74.08%, and the international circulation participation was 28.38%, 27.58% and 25.92%, respectively, which shows that the dominant position of China's domestic circulation is gradually strengthening. (2) At the industry level, the domestic circulation participation of manufacturing industry is low, which is closely related to its deep embeddedness in global value chains characterised by trade in intermediate goods. In contrast, the service industry has higher participation, which is in line with its poor tradable characteristics. (3) At the city level, the participation of international circulation in eastern cities is high, with an average of 30.74%. The participation of domestic circulation in central and western cities is relatively high, with an average of nearly 90%. China is gradually forming a spatial distribution in which the central and western cities are dominated by domestic circulation and the eastern coastal cities are dominated by international circulation. (4) Foreign direct investment is not conducive to the improvement of domestic circulation participation in urban China. while the level of transportation infrastructure and government intervention will help further strengthen the dominant position of domestic circulation in urban China. At the same time, the domestic circulation participation of the four major sectors shows different influencing factors.

Key words: dual circulations, new development paradigm, inter-city input-output model, influencing factors of domestic circulation, China