Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2023, Vol. 78 ›› Issue (6): 1553-1572.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202306014

• Transportation and Tourism Geography • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial development model of senior residential tourism based on rural revitalization

ZHOU Rong1(), SHI Lei2, ZHUANG Rulong3   

  1. 1. College of Philosophy, Law & Political Science, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China
    2. KoGuan School of Law, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030, China
    3. Business School, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, Zhejiang, China
  • Received:2022-02-11 Revised:2023-02-16 Online:2023-06-25 Published:2023-06-21
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China(19BRK024)

Abstract:

Senior residential tourism is the product of upgrading demand for elderly care, and thus effectively fits the national development strategy of rural revitalization. Based on grasping the connotation of senior residential tourism, the paper constructs a framework to analyze the development of senior residential tourism with the push-pull theory. This paper uses various analytical methods to discuss senior rural residential tourism's spatial and temporal evolution pattern and formation mechanism, and further reveals and analyzes the typical development mode. The findings are as follows: (1) Senior residential tourism is a lifestyle in which the elderly live continuously in the sojourning place for the dual purpose of deep experience and living. To grasp its connotation, it is necessary to clarify the key issues, such as the subject of action, the motive of action, the time limit, and the moving distance. (2) In terms of temporal dimension, China's senior rural residential tourism has experienced three stages, namely, the budding stage, the slow development stage, and the high-speed development stage, which show a trend of structure type optimization, increased participation of social capital, and market development segmentation. (3) In terms of spatial dimension, senior rural residential tourism development strongly correlates with the "Hu Huanyong Line." During the study period, the high-density core area evolved from the "single-level core" of the Yangtze River Delta to the "three-pillar" situation of the Yangtze River Delta, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, and Pearl River Delta. (4) Under the framework of "push, pull, and intermediate barrier", the development of China takes the pulling force as the dominant driving force, which mainly includes the number of intangible cultural heritages, the number of tourist resorts, and other factors. (5) Finally, based on the comprehensive analysis of regional development factors, this paper classifies senior rural residential tourism into four typical development modes: natural support, cultural tourism support, health support, and mixed type, and thus puts forward a development path according to local conditions and classification.

Key words: senior rural residential tourism, rural revitalization, push-pull theory, development mode, China