Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2023, Vol. 78 ›› Issue (6): 1339-1354.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202306002

• Regional Development • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial differentiation characteristics and mechanism of rural human settlement resilience formation:A case study of Dongting Lake area

TANG Lisha1,2(), LONG Hualou2,3(), GE Dazhuan4   

  1. 1. School of Business, Hunan First Normal University, Changsha 410205, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. School of Public Administration, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, China
    4. School of Geography, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2022-09-04 Revised:2023-03-07 Online:2023-06-25 Published:2023-06-21
  • Contact: LONG Hualou E-mail:tangls@igsnrr.ac.cn;longhl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China No.42101214(41971216);China Postdoctoral Science Foundation(2021M703177);Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province(2022JJ30187)

Abstract:

The rural human settlement is an indivisible part of the urban-rural human settlements, and it is also the comprehensive embodiment of the rural man-land relationship. Based on the theoretical framework of the formation of rural human settlement resilience and combined independent weight method and regression analysis, this paper builds an index system of the formation of rural human settlement resilience. This system comprehensively measured the rural human settlements in the Dongting Lake area and analyzes the spatial differentiation characteristics of resilience and its formation mechanism. The results show that: (1) There are evident spatial differences in the degree of resilience formation of rural human settlement in the study area. Resilience value varies based on the distance to the lake areas, the nearer the higher, the further the lower, which demonstrated the spatial differentiation characteristics of "inner high and outer low". (2) Based on the measured results of flexibility, adaptability and responsiveness, the resilience formation level in the Dongting Lake is divided into 3 ring belts in space: Huarong-Linxiang ring belt, Lixian-Pingjiang ring belt and Shimen-Heshan ring belt. (3) Rural human settlement is affected by the combination of exogenous and endogenous factors, which, in the form of mutation, continuation and transformation, have positive and negative effects on the resilience formation, so as to facilitate or not to facilitate the formation of rural human settlement resilience. On the basis of the geographical location, resource endowment, economic and social differences of three ring belts in the Dongting Lake, the corresponding strategies are put forward according to the principle of adapting to local conditions. In the process of optimizing rural human settlement, the monitoring, prediction and anti-disturbance capabilities of rural human settlements are enhanced, the resilience is continuously improved and the sustainable development of rural areas is promoted.

Key words: rural human settlements, resilience formation, rural sustainable development, rural vitalization, rural geography, Dongting Lake area