Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2022, Vol. 77 ›› Issue (12): 2954-2971.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202212002

• Urbanization and Administrative Divisions • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The evolution modes of town-villages construction pattern of typical counties:A comparative case study of three counties in Jiangsu province

JIA Kaiyang1(), QIAO Weifeng2,3,4(), HU Xiaoliang2, HUANG Xianjin1   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Ocean Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    3. College of Rural Vitalization, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    4. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2021-09-05 Revised:2022-05-16 Online:2022-12-25 Published:2022-12-29
  • Contact: QIAO Weifeng E-mail:jiakaiyang96@163.com;qiaoweifeng@njnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41871178);National Natural Science Foundation of China(42271264);Creative Research Groups of National Natural Science Foundation of China(71921003)

Abstract:

Town-village shows a heterogeneous development trend in the urban-rural transition in China. However, previous studies focused more on the dynamics of the physical space of town-villages and the impact of natural factors while ignoring the shaping effects of the underlying socioeconomic changes. Scientific understanding of town-villages development rules at the county scale and the refinement of typical evolutionary modes can help construct an efficient and coordinated town-villages construction pattern (TVCP) that adapts to socioeconomic patterns according to local conditions. It also helps to promote industrial reshaping, organisational reconstruction, and spatial reconfiguration of town-villages. More importantly, it can build a new platform for urban-rural integrated development and thus achieve common prosperity for both rural and urban areas. This research aims to refine the evolutionary modes of TVCP in counties with different development paths. First, we analysed the logic and history of the differentiation of the TVCP evolutionary path from the perspective of "social process-space form". Then, a multicase method was used to compare and analyse the differences in the evolution of TVCP in three typical counties of Jiangsu province from 2009 to 2018. Finally, we generalised the experience into universal evolution modes. The results show that the TVCP evolution is a typical process of the production of space, and the transformation of the production mode leads to various evolutionary paths of the TVCP. Moreover, there are obvious differences in the spatio-temporal characteristics of the TVCP evolution and the mechanisms of influencing factors under different development paths due to the difference in spatial demands of element agglomeration and evacuation. Based on the comparative case analysis, we summarise three types of evolutionary modes with different changing trends and dynamic mechanisms. The agricultural production mode shows a trend of polarised expansion of Chengguan town and shrewd contraction of the villages, which is mainly driven by urbanisation combined with state power and social demands. The industrial production mode, driven by rapid capital circulation dominated by market power, shows a trend of polycentric expansion of towns and consolidation of villages. The ecological consumption mode is characterised by the divergence between the revival and decline of villages; the driving mechanism is commodification and authoritativeness in rural space. According to the three modes, we suggest that efforts should be made to equalise basic public services, realise the citizenization of the migrant agricultural population, and promote commercial cooperation between urban and rural areas in the future.

Key words: rural settlement geography, urban-rural integration, town-villages construction pattern, multi-case analysis, Jiangsu province