Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2022, Vol. 77 ›› Issue (7): 1634-1649.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202207005

• Black Soil Conservation and Utilization • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Theoretical basis and technical path of the regional all-for-one customization model of black soil granary

LIAO Xiaoyong1,2(), YAO Qixing1,2, WAN Xiaoming1,2(), WANG Jieyong1,2, LI Zehong1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2021-12-22 Revised:2022-04-21 Online:2022-07-25 Published:2022-09-13
  • Contact: WAN Xiaoming;
  • Supported by:
    Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA28130500)


The black soil area in Northeast China serves as a "ballast" to ensure China's food security. Unreasonable development and utilization lead to serious black soil degradation in some areas and affect regional food production and economic and social development. In the context of the intensification of the contradiction between food supply and demand around the world, we should pay more attention to the overall situation of regional sustainable development, and seek for systematic, scientific, and economic solutions. Guided by the concept of integrated geography, this study establishes a regional all-for-one customization model of black soil granary on the basis of the regional system of human-land relationship, customized and accurate management, agricultural system theory, and agricultural informatization. The aim of this regional all-for-one customization model is to systematically diagnose the key problems and leading factors of black soil degradation and find out a solution that combines the commonness and individuality of black soil protection from the perspective of multi-scale linkage, multi-factor coupling, and multi-technology cooperation. The regional all-for-one customization model of black soil granary integrates the two perspectives of "global" and "customization" into the protection and comprehensive utilization of black soil for the first time. It adopts zoning, grading, and classification as the main strategy and big data and artificial intelligence as the main technical approaches. Relying on the "satellite-air-ground network" three-dimensional monitoring system and combined with the all-for-one customization platform driven by big data and artificial intelligence, the model constructs three strategies of different scales. First, "implementing strategies by regions" are implemented at the regional scale to formulate the regional agricultural resource allocation scheme and agricultural zoning, which can provide strategies to protect and utilize black soil effectively. Second, the "determining strategies according to villages" is implemented at the village scale to formulate the black soil protection and utilization model for different categories of villages, which can promote the organic integration of black soil protection and rural revitalization. Third, the "one strategy for one field" concept is applied at the field scale to provide accurate strategies for soil restoration and yield improvement in a fixed, quantitative, and regular manner. Multi-scale integrated demonstration and scheme verification of the regional all-for-one customization model of black soil granary are conducted in Qiqihar city at three scales, namely, region, village, and field, to solve the key issues in black soil protection and utilization and form a replicable and popularized system solution, thus providing a model for the sustainable development of Chinese and global black soil agriculture. The regional all-for-one customization model of black soil granary has important theoretical and practical value in promoting the high-quality development of regional agriculture and rural revitalization, and it provides a demonstration model of land protection and utilization for the black soil area in China and the whole world.

Key words: black soil granary, all-for-one customization, mode, platform, conservation tillage