Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2022, Vol. 77 ›› Issue (6): 1320-1338.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202206003

• Coordinated Development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The innovative geographical foundation of the relative decline of economic growth in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region

YANG Kaizhong1,2(), FAN Bokai3   

  1. 1. School of Applied Economics, UCASS, Beijing 102488, China
    2. Research Institute for Eco-civilization, CASS, Beijing 100710, China
    3. School of Urban Economics and Public Administration, CUEB, Beijing 100070, China
  • Received:2022-05-06 Revised:2022-05-24 Online:2022-06-25 Published:2022-08-19
  • Supported by:
    Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China(71733001);Major Project of the National Social Science Fund(20ZDA086)


How to raise innovation efficiency to promote the economic development from relative decline to prosperity and then drive the development of the northern hinterland becomes a prominent problem facing the in-depth acceleration of the coordinated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region in the new development stage. This paper points out that the inefficiency of innovation is the key to economic stagnation in the BTH region, and empirically demonstrates that the relative inefficiency of innovation geography in the region is the main reason that restricts the innovative efficiency development based on the "Density, Distance, Division, Differentiation" (4D) framework. The strategic proposition of reshaping innovation geography in the BTH region is put forward. First of all, the article analyzes the disparities in the evolution trends of economic efficiency, innovation competitiveness and innovation efficiency in the BTH region, the Yangtze River Delta, the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao region, and finds that the economic efficiency in the BTH region is lack of competitiveness and tends to decline, characterized by weak innovative advantage and low innovation efficiency. Secondly, based on the 4D framework, there are several reasons for the relative inefficiency of innovation from a perspective of economic geography. These reasons include the coexistence of low density of economy, population and patent with high concentration imbalance, the wide scope of patent transfer and the low localization level of industry-university-research collaboration, and the severe innovation segmentation with strong spatial heterogeneity, and relatively weak heterogeneous advantage. Finally, the measurement results show that the relative change of 4D factors will significantly affect the fluctuation of innovation relative efficiency, which indicates that the relative inefficiency of innovation geography in the BTH region is the root of innovation relative inefficiency. This paper shows that the reconstruction of innovation economic geography based on 4D framework is vital to improve innovation efficiency and realize innovation-driven development in the BTH region.

Key words: coordinated development, innovation efficiency, 4D, economic disparity, transfer of patents, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region