Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (2): 471-486.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202102016

• Industrial and Regional Development • Previous Articles     Next Articles

A comparative study of farmland use morphology in plain and mountainous areas based on farmers' land use efficiency

LIAO Liuwen1,2(), GAO Xiaolu2(), LONG Hualou2, TANG Lisha2,3, CHEN Kunqiu2, MA Enpu4   

  1. 1. College of Economics and Management, Changsha University, Changsha 410022, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. School of Business,Hunan First Normal University, Changsha 410205, China
    4. College of Resources and Environmental Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
  • Received:2020-05-05 Revised:2021-01-12 Online:2021-02-25 Published:2021-04-25
  • Contact: GAO Xiaolu;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41731286)


Land use morphology is the core content of land use transition research. Farmers' land use decision is a deep factor that causes the change of land use system and land use transition. At present, scholars have carried out a series of theoretical and empirical studies on the morphology of farmland use from multiple perspectives, but there are few studies concerning the recessive morphology and its forming mechanism of farmland use from the perspective of farmer household. In order to reveal the differences of recessive morphology of farmers' farmland use and their influencing factors, this paper measured the farmland use efficiency from the perspectives of farmland use efficiency, labor changes and agricultural production decision-making of farmer household based on the survey data of farmer households in Shouguang and Yiyuan, and probed the driving mechanism of farmland use efficiency of farmer household by constructing a structural equation model. The results show that the farmland use efficiency of Shouguang and Yiyuan is low, and there are differences in geomorphological type and farmer type. The efficiency of farmland use in the plain area is slightly higher than that in the mountainous area, and the farmland use efficiency of elderly farmers is lower than that of young farmers. In terms of impact path, farmers' management scale and production factor input as well as farmland output can directly affect farmland use efficiency, while the planting structure has no significant influence on farmland use efficiency.

Key words: farmland use efficiency, farmer, land use transition, recessive morphology, plain area, mountainous area