Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2016, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (4): 576-590.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201604004

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Evolution and geographic effects of high-speed rail in East Asia

JIN Fengjun1, JIAO Jingjuan1,2, QI Yuanjing3   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute ofGeographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. School of Soil andWater Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2015-07-21 Published:2020-05-22
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41171107]

Abstract: East Asia plays an increasingly important role in the world economy in a line with the development of economic integration and accelerated globalization. As one of the influencing factors of economic integration and regional development, HSR will largely influence the regional development, regional structure, commuting, and regional integration. In this paper, we take the high-speed rail in East Asia as a case to explore the evolution of HSR and its impacts on transport circle and accessibility of cities. Results indicate that the evolution of HSR in East Asia firstly follows the "core cities - core cities" mode and then forms a whole network spatially; HSR network has higher service market in population and GDP than in landuse, and the service markets of HSR network in 2012 are mainly located in the eastern and central regions of China, Japan and South Korea, and those of planned HSR network expand to western China and Japan, south part of South Korea; the 1-h transport circle of core cities in East Asia presents a continuous trend along trunk HSR lines, and the 2-h transport circle has formed continuous egions in the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta, Tokyo, Seoul or along trunk HSR lines, while the court of weighted shortest travel time of cities in China's mainland,Japan and South Korea presents the "core- peripheral structure", taking Zhengzhou in Henan province, Tokyo and Seoul as the core cities; as the development of HSR, the cities located along the trunk HSR lines have a large increase in accessibility, which shows the "corridor effects".

Key words: East Asia, high-speed rail, evolution, geographic effects