Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2023, Vol. 78 ›› Issue (6): 1573-1590.doi: 10.11821/dlxb0202306015

• Transportation and Tourism Geography • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Evolution and formation mechanism of the agglomeration pattern of commercial fitness resources in China

RAN Zhao1(), GAO Jianhua1,2,3(), YANG Jie1, LI Chenyang1,4   

  1. 1. College of Geography and Environmental Science, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, Henan, China
    2. Key Research Institute of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, Henan, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Geospatial Technology for the Middle and Lower Yellow River Regions (Henan University), Ministry of Education, Kaifeng 475004, Henan, China
    4. Henan Urban and Rural Planning and Design Institute Co., Ltd, Zhengzhou 450044, China
  • Received:2021-09-29 Revised:2023-02-23 Online:2023-06-25 Published:2023-06-21
  • Contact: GAO Jianhua;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771142);Henan University Graduate Education Innovation and Quality Improvement Plan Project(SYL20060108)


It is of great significance to explore the new expression of emerging resource elements in geographical space for formulating and optimizing national development strategies. This paper constructs a theoretical framework of resource agglomeration and evolution from the perspective of geographical nature, and studies the pattern evolution and formation mechanism of commercial fitness resources agglomeration in China by using the methods of spatial analysis and factor detection. The results are as follows: (1) The spatial agglomeration pattern shows two remarkable characteristics. First, the spatial pattern and evolution trend exhibit the "cross-shaped" corridor with the Beijing-Guangzhou Railway and the golden waterway of the Yangtze River as the backbone. The regional central cities play an important role in this pattern. Second, the urban agglomerations are the main areas for the spatial distribution of commercial fitness resources, with those in the coastal areas playing a leading role. (2) The pattern of cold and hot spots of China's commercial fitness resources presents a remarkable ladder-like distribution feature, and the hot spots and sub-hot spots gradually evolved into sub-cold spots and cold spots from east to west. The spatial hot spots have experienced the process of expanding from the Bohai Rim and the Yangtze River Delta to north China, central China and east China. The sub-hot spots in the northeast and northwest regions have a tendency to cross the Hu Huanyong Line and expand westward. The overall change of the sub-cold spot and the cold spot areas is relatively stable, and the local changes are mainly manifested in the evolution of the cold spot area into the sub-cold spot area in the east of Guangxi and the west of Guangdong. (3) The agglomeration and evolution of commercial fitness resources in China are the result of the interaction and coupling of three geographical natures. Different factors play different roles in the formation of the spatial agglomeration of commercial fitness resources. The first, second and third geographical natures play a basic control role, a material support role and a leading role in the agglomeration and evolution of commercial fitness resources, respectively.

Key words: commercial fitness resources, Bayannur-Zhanjiang Line, agglomeration evolution, formation mechanism, geographical nature, China