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Table of Content

    15 January 1987, Volume 42 Issue 1 Previous Issue    Next Issue
    EVOLUTION OF HOLOCENE SEDIMENTARY ENVIRONMENT IN THE HANGZHOU-JIAXING-HUZHOU PLAIN
    Yan Qinshang, Huang Shan
    1987, 42 (1):  1-15.  doi: 10.11821/xb198701001
    Abstract ( )   PDF (1066KB) ( )   Save
    This paper tackles this problem based upon a variety of sedimentological evidence, such as paleomicrofauna, pollen and spores, sediment grain size, sedimentary structure, heavy mineral content and 14C radio-carbon dates. These data were mainly, in conjunction with nearly 200 subsurface drilling cores available in this area, collected from seven newly drilled cores at Gou-ting, Gaoqiao and Shuanlin etc.
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    MODEL OF DEVELOPMENT AND RULE OF EVOLUTION OF THE LONGITUDINAL PROFILES OF THE VALLEY OF THREE RIVERS' IN THE NORTHWESTERN PART OF YUNNAN PROVINCE
    Jiang Zhongxin
    1987, 42 (1):  16-27.  doi: 10.11821/xb198701002
    Abstract ( )   PDF (1872KB) ( )   Save
    The longitudinal profile of a river valley is morphologically the assemblage of every reach profile in various developing stages and changes in the development and evolution of every reach profile.
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    THEORETICAL COMPUTATION AND MODEL ESTIMATION OF SOLAR IRRADIATION INCIDENT ON VERTICAL WALL SURFACES──WITH AN EXAMPLE OF SHANGHAI
    Zhu Zhihui
    1987, 42 (1):  28-41.  doi: 10.11821/xb198701003
    Abstract ( )   PDF (826KB) ( )   Save
    Quantitative assessment of sunshine duration and solar irradiation incident on tilted and vertical surfaces is very significant to the study of the ecological environment in mountain areas, to architecture, and to urban climate research. In this paper, the theoretical and modelling methods to compute and estimate sunshine duration and solar irradiation on inclined surfaces are discussed and applied to a specific city located in plain.
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    SUGGESTIONS FOR THE INDUSTRIAL STRUCTURE AND DISTRIBUTION ADJUSTMENT OF BEIJING
    Wu Yiguang
    1987, 42 (1):  42-50.  doi: 10.11821/xb198701004
    Abstract ( )   PDF (746KB) ( )   Save
    The most remarkable superiority of Beijing’s industrial development is its rich intellectual resources, with the No. 1 status of scientific and technological forces. The main limiting factors are a shortage of water resources, and the requirement of a high quality environment. The characteristics of the distribution of Bejing’s industry spreads eccentrically from the urban district to the outskirts, and then to the outer suburbs. But it is too crowded in the urban district and the outskirts, and too scattered in the outer suburbs. According to the advantages and problems of industrial develoment in Beijing, the author suggests: The emphasis ought to be on industries that are clean technologically intensive and conserve water and land. Based on this principle, the present industrial structure ought to be adjusted to develop new-industries. At the same time, the satellite industrial towns in the outer suburbs and corresponding transportation-communication systems need to be constructed as soon as possible.
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    A DISCUSSION ON THE ECONOMIC EFFECT OF THE LOCATION OF GROUPING FIRMSIN INDUSTRIAL DISTRICT AND THE DETERMINATION OF ITS BEST SIZE
    Shcn Xiaoping
    1987, 42 (1):  51-61.  doi: 10.11821/xb198701005
    Abstract ( )   PDF (758KB) ( )   Save
    Location of grouping firms in industrial district means rational agglomeration in a particular space of several firms which are connected with one another in supply of raw material, fuel, subsidiary material and semi-product or with close technical linkage, or located together simply aiming at full use of regional infrastructure. It comes from the objective need of mo-dern industry production. Now, in our country, more and more .industrial districts are constructed with this locational pattern. Thus, to analyze its economic effect and to determine its best size is an urgent problem posed before us. This paper made a qualitative discussion of this problem and gave a quantitative analysis by using a mathematical model.The economical effect of the location of grouping firms consists mainly of capital investment in construction of the district and operational expenditure in normal production.
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    TERRITORIAL DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT AND RESEARCH ON NATURAL RESOURCES
    Bao Haosheng, Peng Buzhuo, Ni Shaoxiang
    1987, 42 (1):  62-68.  doi: 10.11821/xb198701006
    Abstract ( )   PDF (578KB) ( )   Save
    Territorial development and management means a rational development, utilization and protection of territorial resources. The main task of territorial development and management includes territorial planning, regulation and management.The territorial resources consist mainly of natural resources and socio-economic resources. In terms of territorial development and management natural resources are a major concern. In other words, the principal research objective of territorial development and management is territorial resources in which natural resources are dominant.In the research on territorial development and management, mankind and its natural environment should be put into an interrelated and coordinated system. Meanwhile, emphasis should be placed on environmental stress resulting from unreasonable utilization of natural resources and a major effort should be made to adapt mankind to its natural environment. Morever, when territorial planning with the purpose of rational development, utilization and protection of natural resources is carried out not only rational macroscopic planning, but feasible microscopic planning should be considered in oder to achieve overall planning goals.Researchers in the field of territorial development and management should have a wide range of knowledge* and keep a close relationship with researchers from other disciplines. The key problem, however, is to develop new scientific concepts and make better use of new scientific theories and approaches.From the point of view of territorial development and management the main tasks of natural resources research at present are as follows:1. Carry out further survey and investigation on natural resources in order to have a thorough understanding of their quantity, quality and distribution.2. Study the development, utilization and protection of natural resources in oder to provide a scientific base for territorial planning.3. Provide a scientific base for territorial regulation.Finnally, the following proposals with respect to natural resources research and territorial development and management have been put forward:1. Expand cooperation with researchers from other disciplines and carry out more comprehensive research on natural resources and their development, utilization and protection.2. Carry out more research on natural resources management with the aid of modern scientific theories and methods.3. Launch a popularized education and information effort about the rational development, utilization and protection of natural resources.
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    TERRITORIAL STRUCTURE IN THE PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE
    Cai Yuping
    1987, 42 (1):  69-81.  doi: 10.11821/xb198701007
    Abstract ( )   PDF (1144KB) ( )   Save
    This paper mainly presents an introduction of dynamic research on territorial structural system. Territorial structure means the spacial form which is displayed on the globe by the economic and social activities of human beings. Under certain economic and social conditions, territorial structure is also the result of a spacial self-organization within the elements and subsystems in the territorial system.A satisfactory self-organized procedure has been revealed in the research of the evolutionary history of territorial structure. In the primitive fishing and hunting society a spacial scheme, controlled dispersively, was formed, along with the growth and competion. among the original tribes and clans. In the agricultural society, villages emerged in the places with the appropriate climate and fertile soil, and then expanded through a neighboring effect and transition diffusion. Space competing produced a more complex order structure. Up to industrial society, the industrial cities occupied the important position, the final spacial structure was composed of the metropolis, intermediate cities and satellite towns.Furthermore, the author draws up a conclusion on the general rule of territorial structural evolution, based on historial study, i.e, an orderly, circulating procedure will be achieved in the end through mutation, chaos, diffusion and competition. The more the procedure debelops, the more complex territorial structure is, the more perfect its function is and the more stable it becomes.Finally, the author puts forward a basic model of territorial macrostructure in the information society by combining the scientific and technological revolutions, which is inspired by the garden city theory set by E. Howard.The author takes the new kind of scientific city, the main part is the fourth undertaking, as the basic cell of human activities. A lot of these cells are linked by modern communication and transportation networks, which form the functional area. Different functional areas become a mosaic in the territory, by which it constitutes the territorial system with the organic character.Another contribution of this paper is that the author had put the original locational models, (agriculture location theory, industry location theory, market competition theory and central place theory etc.) on the historical system of territorial structure evolution, which not only deepens our understanding of these theories, but also has developed new location models, for example, the original agriculture location theory and the science city arrangement theory.
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    DISCUSSION ON THE GLACIAL RELICS OF LUSHAN
    Jing Cairui, Liu Changmao
    1987, 42 (1):  82-86.  doi: 10.11821/xb198701008
    Abstract ( )   PDF (452KB) ( )   Save
    In the first part of the paper the author put forward four points: 1. The U valley of Wangjiapo; 2. The cirque of Daao; 3. The glacial straition and, 4. The glacial deposit in Lushan to prove there are glacial relics in Lushan. Further more, the author based on his stu-die’s on a "mud rock flow" of Lushan, affirm that neither the form nor its low altitude position, it was formed during Quaternary period by glaciation, and late ice age’s running water, due to the its geologic structure and the nature of the rocks. Judging by the disposition of the mud rock, the author believe that it is a typical glacial drift of monsoon oceanic glacier instead of a mud rock flow.
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