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    15 January 1948, Volume 15 Issue 1 Previous Issue    Next Issue
    Prof. S. Ting
    1948, 15 (1):  1-13.  doi: 10.11821/xb194801001
    Abstract ( )   PDF (1144KB) ( )   Save
    This paper record, my geological and geomorphological observations enroute from Urumuchi to Aksu. Leaving Urumuchi on August Tst, we passed through the graben teough of Davan, followed the course of Bayan Ho to Toksun in the Turfan Basin. Glaci-fluvial deposits were seen in the val?ey of Bacanho at 980m, above the sea. Toksun city has an elevation read from a Paulin 133 metres. We travel south through the wadi of O-hu-Bulak and the Ma an-tso-ze Pass where granites and associated igneous and metamorphosed phenomena were observed. Glaci-fluvial silts and glacial moraines were found at 1400 and 1300 metres respectively, The mountain Summi has an old topography of arid climate, beinb subdue and deeply buried by weathered, angular debris with abundant dissected fans: on a rather plain-like surface. Hills rise only 2-300 metres above the general plain surface at 1500 metres. Grossing the frontal range of the Kuruktagh and the Depression of Singer, we finally leached Karashar. A great fan is seen on the NE. mouth of the Flm-valley (Yu-shu-wan) having a slope of one in twelve. No treea except a few Ulmus were seen. The wells reached 74 metres deep in the valley and 58 metres at Sin-tsin-tze, on the gobi beyond the valley. These are dug in gobi sediments and have not)et reached rock.
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    Chukiang (Shiuchow)-A Study in Urban Geography
    C. W. Wen
    1948, 15 (1):  14-20.  doi: 10.11821/xb194801002
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    I. Location and Historical Development Chukiang or "the winding river" was a castle-like town which was originally surrounded by a wal1.(Fig. 2)it is situated on the upper part of the Peikiang at the junction of the Tcheng and Wu Rivers, and is on the cro.}srozd both by land and wet0r (Fig. 1).The city was developed as early as Tang Dynasty when Meiling lass was first built. During Manchu Dynasty it stood on the so called "Ambassador Road" through which the foreign ambassadors went to Nanking from Canton. In recent decades, with the completion of railway and highways the city has become not only the Center of Northern Kwantung but also a linking point between Southern Kiangse and Southern Hunan. During war time, the Kwantung Provincial Government temporarily moved there thus accelerating the material construction of the city. Though the Provincial Government has moved back to canton after the war, the city is still and `vill be the most impor-tent one}in Northern Kwantung, The "land neck" between two rivers is the main part of the city (Fig, 3), Since the completion of the Canton Hankow Railway new settlements were developed around the railway station, along the left bank of the Tcheng River.
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    Studies on Yellow River Project: A Review
    Mei-Ngo Jen
    1948, 15 (1):  31-33.  doi: 10.11821/xb194801004
    Abstract ( )   PDF (525KB) ( )   Save
    Although records on the Yellow River are voluminous, they are often overburdened with great engineering details and scattered in a large number of technical journals and publications as to be not readily available to geographical students. "A Symposium on the Yellow River". appeared in 1935, is one of the most noteworthy contributions on the subject. It consists of 3 volumes, Vol. 1 by H. Y. I-Iu on climate, Vol. 2 by T. F. Hou on geology and Vol. 3 by H. Y. Chang on hydrology. At that time, attention was only paid to flood control with occasional considerations in irrigation and navigation. Moreover, hydrometric and gaging stations were few, especially on th0 upper reaches of the river, and the records then available often covered tco short a period to be valuable for sound generalizations. Many important items, such as soil and Soil erosion, were only incompletely known. Much valuable data have since been accu- mulcted. During the war years, the Japanese had made a comprehensive study covering the area from Paotou to the sea. Their plan for developing the Yellow River contains much excellent material. At present,there are hydrometric and paging data from 139 stations and precipitation record from 138statibns on the Yellow River and its tributaries. Although flood control remains the most important items in any project on the Yellow River, recent investigation by both Chinese and Japanese engineers reveals that there is a huge amount of water power capable of development.
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