Table of Content

    15 June 1947, Volume 14 Issue 2 Previous Issue    Next Issue
    The Relative Relief of Tsunyi, Kweichow
    1947, 14 (2):  1-11.  doi: 10.11821/xb194702004
    Abstract ( )   PDF (2490KB) ( )   Save
    The importance of relative relief as a geographic factor is gradually being realized, but its significance in relation to both physiography and human activi-ties has hardly been appreciated. The present paper tries to elucidate relative relief in its manifold relations, using Tsunyi District of Kweichow Province as an example. With the 1/50,OOOth new Ordnance maps as the base, the writer has prepa- red a relative relief map for the region which stretches 92 km. from north to south and 73 km. from east to west, covering an area of 6,700 sq. km. The base maps are divided into small squares each measuring 2 x 2cm., with an area of about 1 sq.km. and the difference of height between the highest and lowest points in each square is noted.
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    Chen Lu, S.P.Chen, M.K.Soong, P.C.Huang
    1947, 14 (2):  12-33.  doi: 10.11821/xb194702005
    Abstract ( )   PDF (4028KB) ( )   Save
    The Kunming Lake, with an area of 324 sq, km, during its flood water time, is the largest lake in Eastern Yunnan. More than twenty streams from the surrounding mountains empty into the lake which is drained by the Tang-Lapg River to the upper Yangtze. Around the Kunmina Lake is an extensive basin covering an area of 1,300 sq. km. On the Tang-Lang Rivers there are smaller basin of An-Nino and Fu-Ming, both with an area of about 100 sq. km. These''basins are similar in ibpography and geology, In each basin, three distinct belts may be distinguished(Fig. 1): (1)The rim is formed by high rots. of limestone and basalt rising to 2,500 m. above the sea level and with a relative,height of about 600 m. (2) The main part of the basin consists of alluvial plain deposited by rivers from surrounding mountains. The alluvial plain of the Kunming Lake Basin is at 1,890 m., An-Ning Basin at 1,800,m., and Fu-Ming Basin at 1,680 m. As high mts. descend close to the western side of the Kunminn Lake, the alluviual plain is most extensive on the East of the Lake where many deltas are formed by streams.
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    Preliminary Observations in the Neighbourhood of Urumuchi; Sinkiang
    1947, 14 (2):  34-47.  doi: 10.11821/xb194702006
    Abstract ( )   PDF (1149KB) ( )   Save
    In May 7945, the author flew to Urumuchi via the Kansu Corridor. There are evidently streamflood courses on the northern front the Chilienshan and great pediments have been formed.
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    South China Peninsula and Taiping Sea.... A Study in Geographical Nomenclature
    Yiu-Jen Y?
    1947, 14 (2):  57-57.  doi: 10.11821/xb194702007
    Abstract ( )   PDF (174KB) ( )   Save
    The importance of propel geographical names has long been recognized by Chinese writers, for Confucius said as early as three thousand years ago in his classics that improper naming would result in incorrect thinking. Therefore a proper renaming of certain geographical areas is a prerequisite to avoid unnecessary misunderstanding and dangerous implications. The Indo-China peninsula is 'a great peninsula jetting out from South China into the Indian and Pacific Ocean. The name was given early in the nineteenth century by Malte Brun, a French scholar, indicating its location between China and India. As the Europeans came to Eastern Asia from the West, they arrive first in India, then in Indo-China and, from their bases in India, the peninsula was also known as Hinter-India peninsula because of its position behind India. However, since the peninsula is in many respects much more intimately related to China than to India, its present name, Indo-China or Hinter-India, appears in-adequate for showing its real geographical significance. It is proposed therefore that the peninsula be re-named South China peninsula.
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