China has stridden forward rapid urbanization with the industrialization and urbanization, and the regional privation has derived from urbanization. This regional privation, which is based on a type of the location each other in the geographical space, policy absence, and some compelling executive means, is that the advantaged group and region act on the disadvantaged group and region from regional resource, financing, technology, talents, projects, policy preference, ecology, environment capacity, pollution with imputed, and it is a series of unjust and unreasonable economic and social actions. Concretely, this privation actions embodied in big city vs. small city, city cluster vs. metropolis, urban vs. suburban, suburban vs. rural, development zone vs. farmer and farmland, universities town construction vs. farmland, real estate exploitation and village rebuilding in city vs. farmer and urbanites, developed region vs. developing region, the region with rich resources vs. the region of lack resource, employer vs. off-farm worker and their spirit deprivation because of regional discrimination. Sarcastically, the privation possesses the characteristics of compellability, monopoly and hierarchy, and seeming-rationality. It focuses on land, water, resource, eco-environment, capital, talents, labor, financing, technology, important constructing projects, etc. Inanition and out-control of policy form inertia of privation, profit drive results in motivation of privation, overdraft of the disadvantaged group leads to seedbed of privation, and these are the main reasons for the formation of privation. The results of privation are spatial maladjustment, resources unbalanced conglomeration, out-control of policy, invalidation about rule, unbalance in regional and social development, breaking faith with people, and these will result in a bigger and bigger gap between the rich and the poor. Finally, based on ideology, policy, system, spatial diffusion and harmonious development, the author brings out some corresponding controlling paths that hammer at eliminating regional privation in China's urbanization process, including respecting the developing rights of the disadvantaged group and let them see the brightness; establishing the preferential policy universally aiming at the backward region and the disadvantaged group; forming a kind of back-feed mechanism, namely, "supporting the advantaged and caring for the disadvantaged, establishing fairness and harmony". Synchronously, the author thinks that it should also estimate the bad and good polarization impartiality, and push a kind of balanced developing pattern, so that China can construct a harmonious society and stride to the road of fine urbanization. The last but not the least, the article brings out the existing regional privation action and reason firstly about China's urbanization road and this will provide a scientific basis for decision-making on China's urbanization road.