Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (6): 1422-1437.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202106008

• Rural Development and Settlement Research • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Rural spatial governance for territorial spatial planning in China: Mechanisms and path

GE Dazhuan(), LU Yuqi   

  1. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, School of Geography, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2020-09-22 Revised:2021-03-10 Online:2021-06-25 Published:2021-08-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(41901204);China Postdoctoral Science Foundation(2019M660109);China Postdoctoral Science Foundation(2021T140303);The Foundation of Humanity and Social Sciences of the Ministry of Education of China(19YJCZH036);Jiangsu Provincial Science Foundation(BK20190717);Jiangsu Provincial Social Science Foundation(19GLC002)

Abstract:

Under the background of unified management of urban and rural space, rural spatial governance has become an important part of the spatial governance system. Conducting in-depth theoretical and practical research on rural spatial governance and analyzing the mechanisms and path of rural spatial governance in national spatial planning will be conducive to improving the planning and control system of rural space. Starting from the connotation rural spatial governance, this paper constructs a theoretical analysis framework of rural spatial governance based on the comprehensive perspective of spatial governance, discusses the internal mechanism and feasible paths of rural spatial governance in territorial spatial planning, and then realizes the theoretical and practical research of rural spatial governance. The conclusions are as follows: (1) Rural spatial governance starts from the coordination theory of human-land relations in the rural regional system. Through planning and negotiation, it realizes effective control of rural space usage, and orderly allocation of space rights. Rural spatial governance highlights the comprehensive governance process that combines "top-down" and "bottom-up" participation by multiple subjects. (2) Through the "action-efficiency-target" system, the comprehensive governance analysis framework of "matter-organization-ownership" in rural space provides an effective scheme for the construction of multiple rural spatial governance that combines rigidity and flexibility, interaction between material space and space relationship, and superposition of spatial ownership and spatial organization. (3) The rural spatial governance features of interconnecting various scales (region-village-plot) are conducive to improving the rural spatial governance system. (4) The multiple governance means, participation modes and value-sharing mechanisms of rural spatial governance are conducive to enriching the territorial spatial planning system, promoting the integration of multiple regulations, refining the control of territorial space use, and ensuring good rural governance and ecological governance. (5) Rural spatial governance uses mobilization strategies of "top-down" and "bottom-up", and creates conditions for the implementation of practical village planning and revitalization strategies through the construction of new village operation models and reconstruction of organizational mechanisms.

Key words: rural spatial restructuring, rural revitalization, spatial governance, village planning, territorial spatial planning