Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (2): 383-397.doi: 10.11821/dlxb202102010

• Population and Urban Studies • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Formation mechanism of Beijing's jobs-housing spatial relationship based on residents' perception

ZHANG Xuebo1(), SONG Jinping2(), YU Wei1, WANG Zhenbo3   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Tourism, Qufu Normal University, Rizhao Key Laboratory of Territory Spatial Planning and Ecological Construction, Rizhao 276826, Shandong, China
    2. Faculty ofGeographical Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2019-07-18 Revised:2020-11-17 Online:2021-02-25 Published:2021-04-25
  • Contact: SONG Jinping;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(42071150);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41771181);National Natural Science Foundation of China(41271132);Social Science Foundation of Shandong(19CJJJ02);Youth Science and Technology Innovation Program of Shandong Education Department(2020RWG010)


The jobs-housing relationship is an important research field to understand the spatial structure of urban functions and reveal the law of urban growth and evolution. In the paper, we first established a framework and a hypothesis model to analyze the jobs-housing relationship from the perspective of residents' life practice and their perception. Based on survey data of residents' perception in Beijing, we analyzed the formation mechanism of the jobs-housing spatial relationship from two aspects of influencing factors and driving mechanism by means of structural equation model. The results show that: (1) housing prices and housing affordability played a critical role in residents' decisions on jobs-housing location. Compared with the material living environment, the non-material factors, such as policies and systems, neighborhood conditions, residents' conception and development expectations, had more significant impact on the formation of the jobs-housing spatial relationship. (2) Land supply and household registration system formulated by the government, the circle-sprawling expansion and industrial spatial transfer in urban spatial structure evolution, the employment distribution and real estate premium under the market mechanism, as well as residents' income and cultural value orientation were the micro-dominant driving factors. (3) The government played a leading role in the formation of residents' jobs-housing spatial relationship in Beijing. Urban spatial reconstruction was the intermediary for the government to transmit information to the market. The market played a role of booster for the real estate premium and the aggravation of jobs-housing imbalance. The residents actively adjusted or were coercively adapted to the jobs-housing location. At the same time, the situation of the jobs-housing relationship could be transmitted to the government and market through the residents' appeal. The government may formulate some policies to prevent the excessive rising price of real estate and strengthen the construction of transportation facilities. The conclusions have enriched the study on the formation mechanism of jobs-housing spatial relationship in megacities in China, and are valuable for the planning of housing, transportation and public service supply in Beijing.

Key words: jobs-housing spatial relationship, residents' perception, formation mechanism, Beijing