Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2018, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (6): 1049-1064.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201806005

• Regional Development • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The classification and growth pattern of industrial bases in China

JIN Fengjun1,2(),CHEN Linlin1,2,3,YANG Yu1,2,HONG Hui4   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. The High School Affiliated to the Renmin University of China, Tongzhou Campus, Beijing 101117, China
    4. China International Engineering Consulting Corporation, Beijing 100048, China
  • Received:2017-08-19 Online:2018-06-10 Published:2018-06-04
  • Supported by:
    The Key Development Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.KFZD-SW-314;The Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.XDA19040403


The rapid process of China's industrialization is manifested in space as the formation and evolution of a series of industrial bases. The paper identifies and selects different industrial bases in China in 1985, 2001 and 2010. It then examines the evolution of these industrial bases and explores their evolution paths according to their scales or types, as well as summarizes the general pattern of its formation and evolution. The results indicate that the development of Chinese industrial bases have undergone four stages since the founding of the country: decentralization before the implementation of the reform and opening up policy; gradual gathering to the coastal areas in the early period of reform and opening up; balanced development from north to south since the beginning of the 21st century. Generally, industrial structure evolved from single to diversified development, combined the advantageous industries; the dominant sectors of industrial cities evolve from the light industry, basic raw material industry, to advanced manufacturing industries. Moreover, the essential factors of production are necessary, and the key factors are transformed from traditional production factors such as natural resources and labor forces, to new factors such as capital and information, with the expansion of industrial bases. The growth path and the impact factors for industrial bases of different sizes are different. The growth of small-sized bases maintains a single industry relied on natural resources; medium-sized bases tend to be sector integrated; the large bases are developing in industires of basic raw materials and equipment manufacturing.

Key words: industrial base, identification, evolution path, transition, China

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