Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2017, Vol. 72 ›› Issue (12): 2252-2264.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201712010

• Transport Logistics • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Development history and accessibility evolution of land transportation network in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region

Yu CHEN1(), Fengjun JIN2(), Yuqi LU1,3, Zhuo CHEN2, Yu YANG2   

  1. 1. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2017-01-13 Revised:2017-09-06 Online:2017-12-25 Published:2017-12-25
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41571159, No.41430636, No.41590841;China Postdoctoral Science Foundation, No.2017M611854, No.2016M600356


The Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region has been playing a national leading role in land transportation development since the establishment of modern transportation system till the coming era of high-speed transportation network. Aiming at exploring the long-term evolutionary characteristics of land transportation in the BTH region, this paper firstly sorts out its development history from a temporal scale of one century. Taking the 13 prefecture-level cities within the BTH region as research anchor cities, this paper then probes into its accessibility evolution through building a time-distance model, which takes a leaping mode of transportation into account. The results are obtained as follows. (1) The century-long history of land transportation in the BTH region could be divided into five consecutive stages, namely, starting stage of modern transportation (1881-1937), stagnancy stage of transportation development (1937-1949), expansion stage of road network (1949-1980), construction stage of trunk roads (1980-1995), and growth stage of high-speed transportation network (1995 till now). The Beijing-centered structure has been formed since the very beginning. (2) The accessibility spatial pattern of land transportation in the BTH region has evolved from expansion along traffic corridors to formation of concentric circles. The circle structure of 13 anchor cities has gradually developed into a continuous joint space. (3) There are distinct hierarchical differences in transportation circle structure among 13 anchor cities. Beijing has always been at the top of hierarchy while the status of Zhangjiakou has declined sharply since the founding of the People's Republic of China. The Beijing-Tianjin region was firstly formed as a short-time commuting traffic circle. However, the transportation advantage of the central part of Hebei province, which lies at the center of the BTH region, has not been fully realized.

Key words: Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, transportation network, historical evolution, accessibility, circle structure