Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (3): 447-460.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201503008

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Progress in anthropogenic geomorphology

Jialin LI1,2(), Lei YANG1, Xiaoping YANG1   

  1. 1. Department of Scientific Research of the urban, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, Zhejiang, China
    2. Ocean Culture and Economic Research Center, Zhejiang Province, Ningbo 315211, Zhejiang, China
  • Received:2014-12-18 Revised:2015-01-29 Online:2015-03-20 Published:2015-03-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41171073, No.41471004, No.40701006;Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang province, No.Y5110321


With the improving capabilities of human beings in remaking the nature, human activity has become the third morphotectonic force during the modern geomorphological process. The effect of human activities on original geomorphological features of earth surface is extremely obvious, in some aspects, the energy level of its remarking forces in earth environment even surpasses that of natural forces. Accordingly various man-made landforms generate from different natural geomorphological structures. Man-made landform is a humanistic-featured landform shaped by the coordinated morphotectonic forces from human and nature within a certain natural geographical background. This paper first summarizes main research progress of man-made geomorphology from the following aspects, namely, the origin of anthropogenic geomorphology, man-made landform agents and geomorphology categorization, the evolution of man-made landforms and its influencing mechanism, map presentation of man-made landforms and the effects of man-made landforms on the environment. After that, this paper pointed out that man-made geomorphology has attracted much attention from researchers, however, many problems on the object, content, methodology and theoretical system in current studies need to be solved. The study of man-made geomorphology should refer to research achievements in relevant subjects and modern geo-information techniques, so as to raise our cognitive levels and examine the vitality, characteristics and scientific meanings of this discipline. Finally, this study forecasted the progress of man-made geomorphology, and argued that future study in anthropogenic geomorphology should strengthen the construction in the disciplinary system of anthropogenic geomorphology, constituent materials and morphologic characteristics, spatial expansion process and the evolution laws, regional variations and accumulative environment effects from man-made landform, environment management and international comparative study of man-made landforms, which will promote the development of anthropogenic geomorphology and the process of man-made landforms in modern social and economic constructions.

Key words: anthropogenic geomorphology, the third morphotectonic force, man-made landform evolution, urban anthropogenic geomorphology, man-made landform management