Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2014, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (9): 1248-1258.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201409001

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

State-of-the-arts in the study of climate changes over China for the past 2000 years

Quansheng GE1, Jingyun ZHENG1, Zhixin HAO1, Xuezhen ZHANG1, Xiuqi FANG2,1, Huan WANG3,1, Junhui YAN4,1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation,Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    3. Department of Atmospheric Science, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
    4. The College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang 464000, Henan, China
  • Received:2014-05-12 Revised:2014-06-09 Online:2014-09-17 Published:2014-11-19


We reviewed the state-of-the-arts of climate change research in China over the past 2000 years and summarized the achievements during recent 10 years; the research works perspectives of this field were discussed as well. The overview mainly focuses on the development of proxy data, reconstructions of temperature and precipitation (wetness/dryness) changes for the past 2000 years, and recognition on the cold/warm periods, modeling simulation and diagnosis of climate changes for the last millennium, as well as the new findings on impacts of climate change on society in historical times. It is found that spatial coverage of proxy data increased largely and that quantifications of climate proxy indicator interpretation and impacts of climate change on society were improved. The understanding of the decadal to centennial climate change and its possible driving forces and impacts were improved. These achievements provide a solid scientific basis for revealing the rhythms of past changes in earth system, in particular for a better understanding of the spatial and temporal characteristics of climate change in China and dynamics of regional climate change.

Key words: climate change, China, the past 2000 years, state-of-the-arts, perspective