Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2014, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (6): 738-746.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201406002

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The relationship between settlements distribution and regional tectonics around the Songshan Mountain during 9000-3000 aBP

LU Peng1,2, TIAN Yan1, CHEN Panpan1, YAN Lijie1, SONG Lisheng1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geography, Henan Academy of Sciences, Zhengzhou 450052, China;
    2. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2013-03-01 Revised:2013-10-20 Online:2014-06-20 Published:2014-06-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41001124; National Key Technology R&D Program, No.2013BAK08B02; The Major Project of National Social Science Foundation of China, No.11&ZD183

Abstract: Using overlay analysis and statistic analysis of GIS, this paper analyzes the distribution characteristics of 9000-3000 aBP settlements including Peiligang, Yangshao, Longshan and Xiashang periods, and the relationship between their regional tectonics and landforms around the Songshan Mountain. The results showed that there was a close relationship between regional tectonics and ancient settlement distribution. The tectonic movement profoundly affected the ups and downs of the landform and the steepness and plain of the terrain in this region. In addition, as the ancients preferred to take the plain terrain as the location of settlements, the ancient settlement distribution has a close relationship with regional tectonics. Controlled by the positive fault, the eastern part of the research region, the Huabei Depression and Songji Platform Uplift are characterized by overall uplift and depression. There were a lot of plain landform units in this region, such as block mountain, block hill, fault basin and plain. There were also many ancient settlements in this area, even at the top of the mountain and hill. Contrastively, there were mainly fold structure mountains controlled by fold at the edge of the research region like the Xiong'er Mountain, Waifang Mountain and Funiu Mountain where less plain terrains and fewer ancient settlements were found. The research implied that the relationship between ancient humans and natural environment looked like actor and stage. A variety of combinations of natural conditions formed different environmental base. And the human beings subjectively tended to choose the natural environment which is suitable for them to live in the economic development according to their cultural characteristics.

Key words: Songshan Mountain, settlements distribution, regional tectonics, 9000-3000 aBP