Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 1998, Vol. 53 ›› Issue (s1): 98-106.doi: 10.11821/xb1998s1013

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Zhang Xiaohong   

  1. Institute of Chinese Historical Geography, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433
  • Received:1997-01-06 Revised:1998-09-03 Online:1998-12-15 Published:1998-12-15
  • Supported by:

    Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.:49601008

Abstract: The procession of the seasons and folk customs is one of the major contents of cultural geo-graphical sutdy. There were some different contents about the procession of the seasons and folk customs in different areas in shaanxi province during Qing Dynasty, and there also existed some discrepancies in the aspect of the date of festival. Therefore, Shaanxi province can be divd-ed into three regions of the procession of the seasons and folk customs, namely. Northern, Cen-tral , and Southern during Qing Dynasty.The region of Northern Shaanxi, including Yan’an, Yulin, Suide, and Luochuan states and Fu county which located in northern Fu state, had the obvious features that Jizao (offering a sacrifice to kitchen god) was held at night on December, 23 (lunar calendar), and Huotata (a tower-like shaped with coal) was burned to fete the Festival on the 15th day of the first lunar month. While in Central Shaanxi, inculding Xi’an, Tongzhou, Fengxiang, Bin, Qian states, and south Fu State, the local people not only generally lit the special lamps which were made of wheat flour everywhere in their houses, but also celebrated Butian Festival (mending heaven festival) on the 20 th day of the first lunar month. especially in northern parts of this area at the same time. In Southern Shaanxi, Jizao was on the 24 th day of the first lunar month, and there existed another custom, dragon-boat race (the 5th day of the 5th lunar month) along Han River, which became a different feature compared with Northern and Central Shaanxi regions.The formation of regional discrrpancy of the procession of the seasons and folk customs in Shaanxi had close relations with local natural conditions, migration, and cultural tradition, it was also important factor that had cause regional discrepancy of cultural landscape in Shaanxi.

Key words: the seasons and fold customs, regional discrepancy, Shaanxi Qing dy-nasty, cultural geography

CLC Number: 

  • K890