Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 1999, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (S1): 21-28.doi: 10.11821/xb1999S1004

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WATER RESOURCES CHARACTERISTICS AND THESUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF MAIN INTERNATIONAL RIVERS IN NORTHWEST CHINA

Tang Qicheng, Li Lijuan   

  1. Institute of Geography,CAS, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1998-09-15 Revised:1999-04-05 Online:1999-12-15 Published:1999-12-15
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the key Project of the Naitional Natural Science Foundation of China.No.4931020

Abstract: There are many international rivers in northwest China, but main rivers are three; Ertis River, Di Riverand Akesu River. All of them are located in Xinjiang. Their common characteristics of water resources arerich of water, high diversity of river recharge, annual runoff with low Cv between years but varied greatly ina year. Based on its water resources, natural and economic conditions of the region, Ertis River should devel-op livestock husbandry as a main estate. Livestock, commercial grain products base shold be esthblished inDi River basin for Xinjiang and whole China, to form an industrial system of fabrics of wool and flax, leatherprocessing. In Akesu River, superiority should be given to establish cotton (special for plush cotton), food(special for high quality rice) base. Meanwhile, for sustainable development, people should pay great atten-tion to balanced ecological system and scial ?economic development. For this purpose, part of water re-sources should be served for ecological use and to build an artificial oasis economical system in the region.

Key words: intemational river, water resources, sustainable development

CLC Number: 

  • TV213.2