Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 1990, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (4): 412-420.doi: 10.11821/xb199004003

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FUNCTIONAL STRUCTURES OF SMALL TOWNS IN CHINA—A CASE STUDY OF GUANGDONG PROVINCE

Chusheng Lin1, Lanrence J. C. Ma2   

  1. 1. Department of Geography, the University of British Columbia, Vancouver;
    2. Department of Geography, the University of Akron
  • Online:1990-10-15 Published:1990-10-15

Abstract: For years, China's urban policy has favored the development of medium-sized and small towns. Chinese small towns have been growing rapidly since economic reforms were initiated in 1979. Two types of towns in Guangdong Prodince are quantitatively analyzed to reveal their functional features. The county towns and market towns are found to be different in the forms of enterprise ownership, employment structure, educational and health facilities, urban infra-structure, and in the absorption of surplus rural labor. Manufacturing dominates the employ-ment of both county and market towns.

Key words: County towns, Market towns, Functional structure, Principal compon-ents analysis, Discriminant analysis