Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2004, Vol. 59 ›› Issue (6): 811-819.doi: 10.11821/xb200406002

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National Demands for and Development Strategies of Chinese Geography

CAI Yunlong1, LU Dadao2, ZHOU Yixing1, WANG Jici1, QIN Qiming3, LI Youli1, CHAI Yanwei1, ZHANG Yili2, LIU Weidong2, WANG Jingfeng2, SONG Changqing4, LENG Shuying4, WANG Min5   

  1. 1. Geographical Research Center, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    3. College of Earth and Space Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    4. National Natural Science Foundation of China, Beijing 100085, China;
    5. College of Geography and Remote Sensing Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2004-06-19 Revised:2004-10-09 Online:2004-11-25 Published:2004-11-25
  • Supported by:

    Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 40335046

Abstract:

In the near future, industrial optimization and promotion, agricultural development, the development of high-tech industry, international trade, urbanization, population health, the integrated utilization of natural resources and social sustainable development, the optimization of energy structure, environmental improvement and national security in China all demand geography to contribute much more. So Chinese geography should orientate the national demands for solving the important geographical issues in national development. It should strengthen basic research and occupy the front position of international academia in some main key aspects. The geographical advantages of China should be fully brought into play and the geographical science with Chinese features should be developed. The present bases should be integrated and enhanced. The strategic emphases of Chinese geography are as follows: to research the evolution and dynamics mechanism of the earth surface system by means of synthetic view and disciplinary cross; to innovate theoretical system; to develop integrated and regional methodology of geography, to exploit the research way of coupling patterns and processes, to develop geomatics and digital earth, to promote geographic experiment; to organize cooperation projects of science and technology; to strengthen the obtainment of the firsthand data; and to make breakthroughs in such applications and technological researches as territorial management, regional sustainable development, global change and its regional responses, geographical information application, etc.

Key words: national demands, Chinese geography, development aims, strategic emphases