Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2007, Vol. 62 ›› Issue (10): 1083-1096.doi: 10.11821/xb200710008

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The Evolution of Spatial Structure of Shopping Behaviors of Beijing's Residents

FENG Jian1, CHEN Xiuxin2, LAN Zongmin1   

  1. 1. Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    2. School of Government, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2006-11-16 Revised:2007-08-15 Online:2007-10-25 Published:2010-08-04
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40501023

Abstract:

It is of great importance to analyze urban commercial spatial structure from the viewpoint of consumers' behavior. During the latest ten years, with the development of suburbanization, the spatial structure of urban commerce in Beijing has greatly changed. Under this background, Beijing residents' shopping behavior has greatly changed. Based on more than five hundred questionnaires, the authors try to analyze the features of the evolution of spatial structure of shopping behaviors of Beijing's residents in the latest 10 years and their mechanisms. The average distance of residents' shopping trip was shortened in Beijing in the latest 10 years. The change of the spatial structure of shopping behavior of each kind of goods differs from each other. So does that of the shopping sites of each kind of goods in Beijing. The change of the hierarchical structure of shopping behaviors of Beijing's residents is also very interesting, for the hierarchical structure of the inner suburban residents descended while that of the core residents had little change. In a word, the features of the changes of the spatial structure and hierarchical structure all reflect the tendency of decentralization and polycentric urbanization of the development of Beijing's commerce. It should be pointed out that Beijing's residents tend to buy goods of low hierarchy near where they live, such as vegetables and the daily use articles, while they tend to buy goods of high hierarchy in shopping malls, large supermarkets and shopping centers for electric equipments, for these places are more attractive. The change of macroscopic environment, that of shopping suppliers and that of consumers are all significant factors propelling the evolution of the spatial structure of Beijing residents' shopping behaviors. Based on these factors, the authors put forward a theoretical frame of the mechanisms of the evolution of urban commercial spatial structure.

Key words: hierarchical structure, suburbanization, polycentricity, Beijing, shopping behavior, urban spatial structure