Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2012, Vol. 67 ›› Issue (10): 1308-1316.doi: 10.11821/xb201210002

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Manufacture Restructuring and Main Determinants in Beijing Metropolitan Area

ZHANG Xiaoping1, SUN Lei2   

  1. 1. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    2. Beijing International Engineering Consulting Corporation, Beijing 100055, China
  • Received:2012-02-17 Revised:2012-07-24 Online:2012-10-20 Published:2012-10-20
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40971075

Abstract: At the transformation stage to post-industrialization process, the spatial distribution of economic activities in metropolitan areas tends to change greatly. As one of the key driving forces for urban restructuring, the agglomeration of manufacturing industry has important influence on urban functional optimization. Based on the manufacturing enterprises databases, this paper discussed the relationship between spatial shift of manufacturing agglomeration and the urban function restructuring in Beijing. By contrasting spatial shift of manufacturing density in Beijing metropolitan area in 1996, 2001 and 2010 respectively, the coupling relationship between the manufacturing diffusion and urban function optimization is explored. With the negative binomial models, factors affecting the location of manufacturing enterprises as well as its influence variation among sectors in Beijing are examined. The results indicated that factors such as locational accessibility, agglomeration economy, and development zones are the key determinants for manufacturing enterprises diffusing and re-agglomeration in Beijing metropolitan area. It was also explored that during the process of suburbanization, firms in different sectors can lead to different locational decisions. The high-tech manufacturing enterprises are more likely to agglomerate in central urban area compared to the resource-intensive manufacturing firms. It was concluded that both the market-oriented factors and the government planning factors have great significance on the spatial restructuring and urban function improvement of Beijing.

Key words: manufacturing industry, spatial restructuring, post-industrialization, Beijing