Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2012, Vol. 67 ›› Issue (8): 1069-1084.doi: 10.11821/xb201208006

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Spatial Distribution and Its Affecting Factors of Economy Efficiency and Total Factor Productivity in China: 1990-2009

LIU Jianguo1, LI Guoping2, ZHANG Juntao3, SUN Tieshan2   

  1. 1. Tourism Institute, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. School of Government, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    3. School of Public Administration, Dongbei University of Finance & Economics, Dalian 116025, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2011-10-18 Revised:2012-05-30 Online:2012-08-20 Published:2012-10-11
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41171099,40901069; National Social Science Foundation of China, No. 10zd&022; “Research Fellowship” of Lincoln Institute Center for Urban Development and Land Policy at Peking University, No. DS20110901

Abstract: The paper, using Malmquist index model, estimates China's economy efficiency and TFP (total factor productivity) during 1990-2009 years, and analyzes its affecting factors. The main result shows that China's TFP was fluctuant and fell at an annual rate of 1.35% in the past 20 years. According to the regional division, China can be divided into East, Middle, West, and Northeast regions, among which eastern region's TFP increased with an average of 2.37%, showing a promotion for the significant rise of technological progress efficiency. However, for the rest of China, the total factor productivity shows a decline in varying degrees, and the TFP for Middle, West and Northeast regions decreased by 4.45%, 2.78% and 1.84%, respectively; the TFP decline was due to the decline of technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency in most years. The paper also finds that economic aggregation, human capital, information, infrastructure, open and institution are positive on total factor productivity, while industry, government intervention and land scale are negative on it. However, infrastructure is not significant in statistics. The key findings of the paper have important policy implications.

Key words: economy efficiency, TFP, spatial distribution, affecting factors, panel data GMM, China