Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2011, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (7): 985-993.doi: 10.11821/xb201107011

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The Process of Land Cultivation Based on Settlement Names in Jilin Province in the Past 300 Years

ZENG Zaozao1,2, FANG Xiuqi2, YE Yu2   

  1. 1. Faculty of Teacher Training in Math and Science, Beijing Institute of Education, Beijing 100044, China;
    2. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2010-08-20 Revised:2010-12-15 Online:2011-07-20 Published:2011-07-20
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40571165; No.40901099; No.41071127

Abstract: Settlements, as a land-use type, can reflect the interaction between human activities and natural environment. In a new cultivation area, establishment of new settlements and agricultural land cultivation were carried out simultaneously, which made it possible to identify the process of land cultivation through studying the temporal and spatial growth of settlements. Settlement names, which recorded the actual situation when people migrated to a new cultivated area, have very important values in research on land exploitation and historical process of land use/cover change. Based on the chorography of toponym in Jilin, this paper studied settlement names according to different types of land cultivation, and developed a method of classification for land cultivation-settlements. Then it identified two types of land cultivation-settlement, which were governmental cultivation-settlements and individual cultivation-settlements. Furthermore the latter could also be divided into two sub-types, individual migration-settlements and governmental recruitment-settlements. In this paper, the process of temporal-spatial distribution of land cultivation in Jilin Province in the past 300 years has been recognized, which may be helpful to study the land use/cover change in Jilin, and also provide an attempt to conduct research on land cultivation based on toponym, or settlement names.

Key words: settlement names, land cultivation, 300 years, Jilin Province