Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2003, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (2): 163-171.doi: 10.11821/xb200302001

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The Geo-info-spectrum of Montane Altitudinal Belts in China

ZHANG Baiping, ZHOU Chenghu, CHEN Shupeng   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2002-06-20 Revised:2002-11-10 Online:2003-03-25 Published:2003-03-25
  • Supported by:

    Knowledge Innovation Projects of CAS, No.CX10G-D00-09; No.CX10G-D00-07


This paper constructs a special data structure model for montane altitudinal belts (MABs) and thereby realizes their digitalization and visualization. A three-level hierarchy is drawn for MABs classification: the first level is "spectra series" with the same base belt. A total of 31 basic spectra series can be generalized for China; the second level is "spectra group" with the same characteristic belts; the third level is "spectrum type" with the same structure of MABs. Seven models are identified for the spatial variation of MABs: (1) identical structure model; (2) structure-thinning model; (3) mutation model; (4) latitudinal descending model; (5) longitudinal thinning-rising model; (6) step-ascending model; and (7) superimposed model. Five ecological types of MABs are also distinguished as follows: (1) climax MABs related with regional climate; (2) standard MABs related with main mountains; (3) special/transitional MABs related with special geoecological phenomenon; (4) disturbed MABs related with human disturbances; and (5) secondary mabs related with intensive human activities. Digital comparison and analysis of mabs could reveal more geographical information than ever before.

Key words: geo-info-spectrum, digital spectrum, hierarchical system, China