Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2013, Vol. 68 ›› Issue (4): 491-505.doi: 10.11821/xb201304005

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Simulation of urban spatial structure in Beijing based on Lowry model

ZHOU Binxue1,2, DAI Teqi1, LIANG Jinshe1, ZHANG Hua1   

  1. 1. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    2. School of Real Estate, Zhuhai Branch of Beijing Normal University, Zhuhai 519085, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2012-01-13 Revised:2013-02-21 Online:2013-04-20 Published:2013-04-20
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41001071; No.41171107; The Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities

Abstract: We use the Lowry model as the theoretical basis and the development situation of Beijing as the guidance to explore the application of Lowry model in the research of urban spatial structure in the aspects, which are the model building, parameter setting and scenario simulation. Firstly, in the process of building this model, we used Thunen location theory as the theoretical basis, the maximization of the regional total rent as the objective function, the development situation and the land resources supply situation of Beijing as the constraint conditions. Secondly, in the model parameter setting, we used the Beijing input-output table (2010), the Beijing Statistical Yearbook (2011), the Beijing enterprises survey data (2010), and other data sources to set the model parameters. Thirdly, we completed the computing in scenario simulation by taking Beijing as a research object, the township as the basic research units. Based on the analysis of the basic industry distribution pattern, we constructed the scene constraints of the model. Finally, based on the spatial pattern of basic industries, we simulated the distribution of urban industries and living space, and summarized the enlightenment of model structure and model calculation. This paper not only enriched the connotation of the model framework, but also tested the technical process and analysis ability of the model in the actual application. This work laid the foundation for the formation of the urban space structure analysis framework based on Lowry model, and expanded the research perspective of domestic urban structure study.

Key words: Lowry model, simulation, linear programming, land use, industry, spatial structure