Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2013, Vol. 68 ›› Issue (2): 232-244.doi: 10.11821/xb201302008

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The spatial distribution of reclaimed and abandoned land in Luopu of Hotan River Basin during the period of Republic of China based on the historical data

XIE Li   

  1. Institute of Chinese Agricultural History, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
  • Received:2012-05-07 Revised:2012-08-18 Online:2013-02-20 Published:2013-02-20
  • Supported by:

    MOE Layout Foundation of Humanities and Social Sciences

Abstract: On the basis of the extant maps of Luopu reclamation area, Hotan District, in the period of the Republic of China (ROC), the archives of historical and geographical data were used in this research to reconstruct the historical evolution of the administrative division of Luopu reclamation area, to represent the story about the spatio-temporal changes of reclaimed land and abandoned land, and to rebuild the corresponding schematic maps of spatial patterns in the area during the ROC. The research would provide the foundation for spatial analysis of the cause-effect relationship between human factors and natural impetus affecting arable area at Luopu during the ROC. The results show: the activity of wasteland reclamation extended outward in the Luopu reclamation area during the ROC, and the places where the wasteland was reclaimed were mostly in the northwest, northeast to east of transitional belts from oasis to barren desert in the main reclamation area at oasis. The patches of reclaimed land were superimposed to the patches of abandoned land to a high degree, proving that the abandoned land was mainly produced from the newly reclaimed land and the strength of reclaimed wasteland was significantly correlated positively with that of abandoned land. The factors inducing land abandonment came from the combined effects of human driving force and biophysical effects.

Key words: the Republic of China, Luopu reclamation area, land reclamation, land abandonment, spatial landscape pattern