Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2013, Vol. 68 ›› Issue (2): 219-231.doi: 10.11821/xb201302007

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial pattern of landscape genes in traditional settlements of Hunan Province

HU Zui1, LIU Peilin1, CAO Shuaiqiang2   

  1. 1. Department of Resources, Environments & Tourism of Hengyang Normal University, Hengyang 421008, Hunan, China;
    2. Department of Resources, Environments & Tourism of Nanyue School of Hengyang Normal University, Hengyang 421008, Hunan, China
  • Received:2012-07-29 Revised:2012-10-30 Online:2013-02-20 Published:2013-02-20
  • Supported by:

    National NaturalScience Foundation of China, No.41271167; No.41201398; No.41171122; Humanity and Social Research Project of Education Ministry to Young Scholars, No.12YJCZH073; Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province,No.11JJ6028; Key Constructive Disciplines Projects of Human Geography in Hunan Province; Key YoungTeacher of Hengyang Normal University, No.RGGJSPYF0311; Natural Science Foundation of Creative Groupof Hunan Province, No.12JJ7003

Abstract: Settlement is a special area for people to live and work in. For human beings, traditional settlements play an important role due to its unique historical and cultural characteristics or their historical landscapes. Hunan Province, located in Southern China, is one of the provinces of the country with its traditional settlements centralized and well preserved compared to other provinces of China, which are mainly attributed to its long history of culture and favorable geo-environments. This paper, taking the 30 historical and cultural ancient villages declared by the Central Government or Hunan Province government as cases, aims to interpret the spatial patterns of traditional settlements in this province according to Traditional Settlements Landscape Genes' Theory (TSLGT). By TSLGT, in order to further interpret the relationships in history or culture of traditional settlements, this paper takes the following steps firstly: (1) to construct a special index system of traditional settlements landscape genes, which is composed of residential buildings characterizations, cultural symbols characterizations, geo-environmental characters, distribution patterns of settlements; (2) to define a workflow procedure to identify the landscapes genes of traditional settlements in Hunan Province by integrating some extraction methods such as landscape elements extraction method, pattern analysis method, structure identification method, conceptual extraction method, etc.; (3) to identify all the vital landscape genes of the 30 major samples of traditional settlements in order to construct a traditional settlements landscape genes dataset with GIS software. By the former research foundation, the author draws the laws of landscape genes' spatial patterns of traditional settlements in Hunan Province by according to the following three outstanding characterizations, building genes, site selection or distribution genes and totem culture genes. The research results of this paper provide some sense advices to conservation or reasonable development or management decision of traditional settlements in Hunan Province. Of course, these results or analysis methods of this paper can also provide some crucial references to the other provinces of China to preserve or develop their own traditional settlements.

Key words: Hunan Province, traditional settlements, historical and cultural villages and towns, landscape genes, spatial pattern