Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2013, Vol. 68 ›› Issue (1): 58-68.doi: 10.11821/xb201301008

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The archaeological sites distribution and its relationship with physical environment from around 260 ka BP to 221 BC in Guizhou Province

LI Kaifeng1, ZHU Cheng1, WANG Xinhao2, CAO Bo3, ZHAO Xiaofan3   

  1. 1. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    2. College of Hydrology and Water Resources, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China;
    3. Guizhou Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Guiyang 550004, China
  • Received:2012-09-19 Revised:2012-10-18 Online:2013-01-20 Published:2013-03-19
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41171163, No.40971115; Scientific Research Foundation of Graduate School of Nanjing University, No.2012CL02; Major Program of National Social Science Foundation of China, No. 11&ZD183; University Doctoral Foundation of China, No.20090091110036

Abstract: According to temporal-spatial distribution of 230 archaeological sites in Guizhou Province, we find that Paleolithic archaeological sites were concentrated in the central, northwestern and southwestern parts of this region, which were karst area with high-altitude and many caves suitable for human settlements. In the Neolithic period, archaeological sites distribution was similar to that in the Paleolithic period, and humans began to select basins and river terraces to reside simultaneously. During the Shang and Zhou dynasties, the archaeological sites were mainly distributed in the basins and river terraces, where farming dominated the economy. Lastly, the analysis of climate change in Late Pleistocene and Holocene suggests that climate fluctuations had little impact on human settlements, when people were engaged in fishing, hunting, gathering and farming. However the distinct physical environment in Guizhou played an important role in the changes of archaeological sites distribution, especially the spatial variability of karst landforms and suitable areas for agricultural development.

Key words: Guizhou Province, the Paleolithic Period to the Shang and Zhou dynasties, archaeological sites, temporal and spatial distribution, natural geographical environment