Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2012, Vol. 67 ›› Issue (10): 1353-1361.doi: 10.11821/xb201210006

Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Measurement, Spatial Differentiation and Driving Forces of Social Deprivation in Low-income Neighborhoods in Chinese Large Cities

YUAN Yuan, LI Shan   

  1. School of Geography Science and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2012-01-07 Revised:2012-07-31 Online:2012-10-20 Published:2012-12-19
  • Supported by:

    National Nature Science Foundation of China, No.41071106; No.41130747; The Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, SYSU; ESRC (Economic and Social Research Council) grants (RES-167-25-0005, RES-167-25-0448)

Abstract: Social deprivation is a measurement of social security and welfare, social participation and integration of residents. Based on the 1809 individual questionnaire survey data in six large cities and three kinds of neighborhoods of China's three regions, this paper systematically analyzes the measurement, spatial differentiation and driving forces of social deprivation. Firstly, at the individual level, this paper measures the individuals' condition of social deprivation based on the chosen indicators. The methods of principal component analysis and cluster analysis are adopted to deal with 13 selected indicators related to social deprivation. The paper identifies whether an individual is suffering from social deprivation. Secondly, according to the clustering results of social deprivation at the individual level, this paper calculates the location quotient of deprived families in six large cities and three kinds of neighborhoods, and analyzes the spatial difference. Thirdly, the logistic regression model is used to identify the significant attributes affecting social deprivation in the individual and spatial dimensions respectively. In the spatial dimension, the research indicates that social deprivation is most significant in urban villages, followed by the old urban neighborhoods, and the last is workers villages at the neighborhood level. At the city level, eastern cities have the highest concentration degree of social deprivation, followed by central cities and western cities. The logistic model results indicate that social deprivation is a combined outcome of institutional driving force (individual's Hukou type) and family attributes (including individual's education level, age). Hukou type, as an institutional driving force, is the common factor for three types of cities, and family attributes also have a certain effect in the eastern and central cities. Institutional force has significant impact on social deprivation in urban villages, while family attributes play greater roles in old urban neighborhoods and workers villages.

Key words: social deprivation, spatial differentiation, driving forces, city level, neighborhood level