Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2012, Vol. 67 ›› Issue (7): 903-916.doi: 10.11821/xb201207004

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Response of Prehistoric Culture to Climatic Environmental Changes since Holocene in Zhejiang, East China

WU Li1, ZHU Cheng1, ZHENG Chaogui2, LI Feng1, MA Chunmei1, SUN Wei1, Li Suyuan3, SHUI Tao3, WANG Xinhao2, SHAO Shixun2, ZHOU Yao2, HE Tingting2   

  1. 1. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    2. Geographic Information and Tourism College, Chuzhou University, Chuzhou 239000, Anhui, China;
    3. School of History, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
  • Received:2012-03-25 Revised:2012-04-18 Online:2012-07-20 Published:2012-07-20
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41171163; No.40971115; Scientific Research Foundation of Graduate School of Nanjing University, Project 985, No.2011CL11; National Key Technology R&D Program of China, No.2010BAK67B02; Major Program of National Social Science Foundation of China, No.11&ZD183; University Doctoral Foundation of China, No.20090091110036; Open Foundation of State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, CAS, No.SKLLQG0817; Open Testing Foundation of Large Valuable Equipments, Nanjing University, No.0422171010; Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD)

Abstract: This paper conducts comparative studies on the distribution of prehistoric cultural sites of Zhejiang Province. The results show that Zhejiang prehistoric culture expanded gradually in this region before 4000 cal. a BP. The notable expansions occurred twice and at the same time the prehistoric culture was disseminated from west to east coast along the river valleys. After 4000 cal. a BP, prehistoric cultural sites-distributed region contracted obviously due to the termination of spreading trend to east coast, which was accompanied by two kinds of economic transitions of Zhejiang. The distribution of prehistoric cultural sites was closely related with sea level fluctuation in Holocene, especially on the banks of the Hangzhou Bay. The changes of prehistoric culture and the climatic environment are identical to each other. It is evidenced that the development, expansion and contraction of prehistoric culture are positively correlated to the climatic environmental change. The change of climatic environment is just the root cause for this change and transition of the economic formation. So the climatic environment is the dominant factor of the Zhejiang prehistoric culture vicissitudes, which has exerted great influence on distribution, dissemination, expansion and transmutation of the culture.

Key words: Zhejiang, environmental change, prehistoric culture, Holocene