Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2012, Vol. 67 ›› Issue (4): 504-515.doi: 10.11821/xb201204007

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Impacts of Difference among Livelihood Assets on the Choice of Economic Compensation Pattern for Farmer Households Farmland Protection in Chongqing City

LI Guangdong1,2, QIU Daochi3, WANG Liping3, WANG Ping3, LUO Dongqi4   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. School of Geographical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China;
    4. Economics & Management Center, Chongqing Technology and Business University, Chongqing 400067, China
  • Received:2011-01-10 Revised:2011-12-17 Online:2012-04-20 Published:2012-04-20
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China, No.07XJY014

Abstract: Economic compensation plays a crucial role in promoting farmland protection and raising farmland utilization ratio. Farmer households' willingness is one of the most important factors that determines the economic compensation pattern for farmland protection, and their difference in livelihood assets has influence on pattern choice of economic compensation for farmland protection significantly. Through participatory rural appraisal method, three villages and 392 households were investigated and sampled in Tabular mountainous and hilly areas of western Chongqing City. A quantitative analysis framework of household livelihood assets of hexagon is constructed; through Gray relation analysis model and Probit regression analysis, the existence and influencing degree of coupling relationship between the divergence of farmer household livelihood assets and compensation pattern choice were analyzed. Furthermore, differential patterns of economic compensation for farmland protection were designed. The results are shown as follows. (1) There exist different qualities and spatial heterogeneity in household livelihood assets. We can find a general trend that the total assets transfer from pure self-sufficiency households to off-farm households, and a spatial trend that the higher the altitude, the less household livelihood assets. (2) There is a trend that household choice willingness about compensation pattern varies from Chengdu Pattern to Foshan Pattern, and there exists spatial heterogeneity in their choice willingness in different areas. (3) The coupling relationship exists between household livelihood assets and compensation pattern. Negative correlation is observed between natural assets value and household pattern choice and the other livelihood assets have different positive impacts on compensation pattern, which from the top are psychological assets, human assets and physical assets, financial assets, and social assets. (4) Based on seven types of the lack of household livelihood assets, the paper designs a conceptual compensation pattern system. Moreover, compensation method, compensation basis, compensation standard and the source of compensation funds are discussed.

Key words: livelihood assets, farmland protection, economic compensation pattern, household, western Chongqing City