Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2012, Vol. 67 ›› Issue (3): 368-376.doi: 10.11821/xb201203008

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Evolution of Coastline and Subaqueous Geomorphology off the Survived River Mouth in the Yellow River Delta

PENG Jun1,2, CHEN Shenliang2, LI Guqi2, LIU Feng2, CHEN Guangquan2   

  1. 1. The Second Institute of Oceanography, SOA, Hangzhou 310012, China;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2011-09-18 Revised:2011-10-30 Online:2012-03-20 Published:2012-03-20
  • Supported by:
    Major National Scientific Research Program, No.2010CB951202

Abstract: Based on the measured data of coastline and bathometry, processed by software of Surfer and Mapinfo, and in combination with sediment load in different phases at Lijin gauging station, evolution of coastline and subaqueous geomorphology off the survived river mouth in the Yellow River delta is analyzed. The results show that ~68% of the sediment delivered by the Yellow River to the sea deposited in the river mouth and littoral area from 1953 to 2000. The changes of coastline in different coasts had a distinctive characteristic in response to transfers of river course into the sea. The coastline was stable in the coasts west of Diaokou river mouth. The coastline from the east of Diaokou river mouth to the north of Gudong oilfield had experienced siltation, and then serious erosion, finally kept stability with the conservation of sea walls. In general, the coastline at the survived river mouth of Qingshuigou river course stretched seaward, whereas the south side of sand spit at Qingshuigou old river mouth eroded after the Yellow River inpouring into the sea near the position at Qing 8. The subaqueous geomorphology off the survived river mouth exhibited siltation from 1976 to 1996, with flat topset beds and steeper foreset beds. From 1996 to 2005, the subaqueous geomorphology off the Qingshuigou old river mouth experienced erosion in the topset and foreset beds, but siltation in the bottomset beds.

Key words: Yellow River Delta, coastline, river mouth, subaqueous geomorphology, evolution