Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2011, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (10): 1413-1426.doi: 10.11821/xb201110011

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Influence Model and Mechanism of the Rural Residents for Tourism Support: A Comparison of Rural Destinations of Suzhou in Different Life Cycle Stages

WANG Degen1,2,3, WANG Jinlian4, CHEN Tian1, ZHANG Yun3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Tourism Department of Suzhou University, Suzhou 215021, Jiangsu, China;
    4. Tourism Department of Huangshan College, Huangshan 245021, Anhui, China
  • Received:2011-03-25 Revised:2011-07-19 Online:2011-10-20 Published:2011-11-27
  • Supported by:

    The Youth Foundation of Humanities and Social Sciences of Ministry of Education, No.10YJC790245

Abstract: Based on the theory such as place attachment, sustainable development, residents participation and stakeholders, this paper chooses five structural variables (place attachment, environmental attitude, participation, residents perception and support degree) to build a structural equation model reflecting their impacts on the support of tourism residents. According to different life cycle stages of Yugang, Wangshan and Jiangxiang villages, the paper authenticates and analyzes the relational model. The paper discusses the influence on support degree of tourism residents in different life cycle stages, based on the structural equation model analysis and factor analysis. The results are shown as follows. (1) The basic dimensions produce different effects on the model in different life cycle stages. The "place attachment" and "environmental attitude" plays a positive role in the support degree in the initial stage, but the "participation" did nothing. All the three factors play a positive role in the stage of rapid and stable development. (2) The "resident perception" produces different effects on the model in different life cycle stages, but did nothing in the initial stage. It plays a negative intermediary role in the stage of rapid development and a positive intermediary role in the stage of stable development. (3) The two-dimensional factors have different effects on the model in different life cycle stages. The "place attachment" and "basic environmental attitude" in the initial stage, and the "place attachment", "sustainable environmental attitude" and "surface participation" in the stage of rapid development as well as the "local dependence", "economic costs of environmental attitude", "deep participation" and "positive impacts and perceptions" in the stage of stable development exert significant positive impacts on support degree.

Key words: resident perception, support degree, tourism destination life cycle, rural tourism destination, Suzhou