Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2010, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (12): 1569-1580.doi: 10.11821/xb201012012

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Impacts of Carbon Tax Policy on Regional Development in China: A Dynamic Simulation Based on a Multi-regional CGE Model

LI Na1,2, SHI Minjun1,2, YUAN Yongna1,2   

  1. 1. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS, Beijing 100049;
    2. ChinaResearch Center on Fictitious Economy & Data Science, CAS, Beijing 100190, China
  • Received:2010-06-18 Revised:2010-10-13 Online:2010-12-20 Published:2011-01-30
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Fund of China, No.70921061; CAS' Grant for Overseas Collaboration Group; Project of Chinese Environmental Tax of Peking University-Lincoln Institute Center for Urban Development and Land Policy

Abstract: Low-carbon economy has become a worldwide trend. This paper applies a dynamic multi-regional computable general equilibrium (CGE) model to conduct research into the impacts of carbon tax policy on regional economic development in China based on a China Interregional Input-Output Table 2002. Simulation results show that different regions endure different impacts when a uniform carbon tax policy is implemented. It exerts negative influences on less developed regions and positive economic influences on coastal areas, which will widen regional economic disparity. Regional differentiated carbon tax policies may alleviate differences of impacts of CO2 emission reduction on regional economy and then help to marrow regional economic gap. Therefore, regional differentiated carbon tax policies, from the viewpoint of efficiency and equality, may be a win-win choice for developing low-carbon economy and promoting harmonious development of regional economy in China.

Key words: China, dynamic multi-regional CGE model, low-carbon economy, carbon tax, regional economic disparity, spatial structure of regional economy